catan(3) complex arc tangents

Other Alias

catanf, catanl

## SYNOPSIS

#include <complex.h>

double complex catan(double complex z);
float complex catanf(float complex z);
long double complex catanl(long double complex z);

## DESCRIPTION

These functions calculate the complex arc tangent of z. If y = catan(z), then z = ctan(y). The real part of y is chosen in the interval [-pi/2,pi/2].

One has:

```    catan(z) = (clog(1 + i * z) - clog(1 - i * z)) / (2 * i)
```

## VERSIONS

These functions first appeared in glibc in version 2.1.

## ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
 Interface Attribute Value catan(), catanf(), catanl() Thread safety MT-Safe

## CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

## EXAMPLE

```/* Link with "-lm" */
#include <complex.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
double complex z, c, f;
double complex i = I;
if (argc != 3) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <real> <imag>\n", argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
z = atof(argv[1]) + atof(argv[2]) * I;
c = catan(z);
printf("catan() = %6.3f %6.3f*i\n", creal(c), cimag(c));
f = (clog(1 + i * z) - clog(1 - i * z)) / (2 * i);
printf("formula = %6.3f %6.3f*i\n", creal(f2), cimag(f2));
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
```