DTRRFS(3) provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution to a system of linear equations with a triangular coefficient matrix

## SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE DTRRFS(
UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, NRHS, A, LDA, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, IWORK, INFO )

CHARACTER DIAG, TRANS, UPLO

INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS

INTEGER IWORK( * )

DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), BERR( * ), FERR( * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * )

## PURPOSE

DTRRFS provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution to a system of linear equations with a triangular coefficient matrix. The solution matrix X must be computed by DTRTRS or some other means before entering this routine. DTRRFS does not do iterative refinement because doing so cannot improve the backward error.

## ARGUMENTS

UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1
= 'U': A is upper triangular;
= 'L': A is lower triangular.
TRANS (input) CHARACTER*1

Specifies the form of the system of equations:
= 'N': A * X = B (No transpose)
= 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose)
= 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose = Transpose)
DIAG (input) CHARACTER*1

= 'N': A is non-unit triangular;
= 'U': A is unit triangular.
N (input) INTEGER
The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.
NRHS (input) INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.
A (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N)
The triangular matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of the array A contains the upper triangular matrix, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of the array A contains the lower triangular matrix, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not referenced. If DIAG = 'U', the diagonal elements of A are also not referenced and are assumed to be 1.
LDA (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).
B (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The right hand side matrix B.
LDB (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
X (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
The solution matrix X.
LDX (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).
FERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight overestimate of the true error.
BERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).
WORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (3*N)
IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (N)
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value