login.access(5) login access control table


The login.access file specifies on which ttys or from which hosts certain users are allowed to login.

At login, the /etc/login.access file is checked for the first entry that matches a specific user/host or user/tty combination. That entry can either allow or deny login access to that user.

Each entry have three fields separated by colon:

  • The first field indicates the permission given if the entry matches. It can be either ``+'' (allow access) or ``-'' (deny access) .
  • The second field is a comma separated list of users or groups for which the current entry applies. NIS netgroups can used (if configured) if preceded by @. The magic string ALL matches all users. A group will match if the user is a member of that group, or it is the user's primary group.
  • The third field is a list of ttys, or network names. A network name can be either a hostname, a domain (indicated by a starting period), or a netgroup. As with the user list, ALL matches anything. LOCAL matches a string not containing a period.

If the string EXCEPT is found in either the user or from list, the rest of the list are exceptions to the list before EXCEPT.


If there's a user and a group with the same name, there is no way to make the group match if the user also matches.


The Fn login_access function was written by Wietse Venema. This manual page was written for Heimdal.