Mojo::URL(3) Uniform Resource Locator

SYNOPSIS


use Mojo::URL;
# Parse
my $url = Mojo::URL->new('http://sri:[email protected]:3000/foo?foo=bar#23');
say $url->scheme;
say $url->userinfo;
say $url->host;
say $url->port;
say $url->path;
say $url->query;
say $url->fragment;
# Build
my $url = Mojo::URL->new;
$url->scheme('http');
$url->userinfo('sri:foobar');
$url->host('example.com');
$url->port(3000);
$url->path('/foo/bar');
$url->query(foo => 'bar');
$url->fragment(23);
say "$url";

DESCRIPTION

Mojo::URL implements a subset of RFC 3986 <http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986>, RFC 3987 <http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3987> and the URL Living Standard <https://url.spec.whatwg.org> for Uniform Resource Locators with support for IDNA and IRIs.

ATTRIBUTES

Mojo::URL implements the following attributes.

base

  my $base = $url->base;
  $url     = $url->base(Mojo::URL->new);

Base of this URL, defaults to a Mojo::URL object.

  "http://example.com/a/b?c"
  Mojo::URL->new("/a/b?c")->base(Mojo::URL->new("http://example.com"))->to_abs;

fragment

  my $fragment = $url->fragment;
  $url         = $url->fragment('♥mojolicious♥');

Fragment part of this URL.

  # "yada"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo?bar=baz#yada')->fragment;

scheme

  my $scheme = $url->scheme;
  $url       = $url->scheme('http');

Scheme part of this URL.

  # "http"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo')->scheme;

METHODS

Mojo::URL inherits all methods from Mojo::Base and implements the following new ones.

authority

  my $authority = $url->authority;
  $url          = $url->authority('root:[email protected]:8080');

Authority part of this URL.

  # "root:[email protected]:8080"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://root:[email protected]:8080/test')->authority;
  # "[email protected]"
  Mojo::URL->new('http:[email protected]/test')->authority;

clone

  my $url2 = $url->clone;

Clone this URL.

host_port

  my $host_port = $url->host_port;

Normalized version of ``host'' and ``port''.

  # "xn--n3h.net:8080"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://☃.net:8080/test')->host_port;
  # "example.com"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/test')->host_port;

ihost

  my $ihost = $url->ihost;
  $url      = $url->ihost('xn--bcher-kva.ch');

Host part of this URL in punycode format.

  # "xn--n3h.net"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://☃.net')->ihost;
  # "example.com"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com')->ihost;

is_abs

  my $bool = $url->is_abs;

Check if URL is absolute.

  # True
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com')->is_abs;
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/test/index.html')->is_abs;
  # False
  Mojo::URL->new('test/index.html')->is_abs;
  Mojo::URL->new('/test/index.html')->is_abs;
  Mojo::URL->new('//example.com/test/index.html')->is_abs;

new

  my $url = Mojo::URL->new;
  my $url = Mojo::URL->new('http://127.0.0.1:3000/foo?f=b&baz=2#foo');

Construct a new Mojo::URL object and ``parse'' URL if necessary.

parse

  $url = $url->parse('http://127.0.0.1:3000/foo/bar?fo=o&baz=23#foo');

Parse relative or absolute URL.

  # "/test/123"
  $url->parse('/test/123?foo=bar')->path;
  # "example.com"
  $url->parse('http://example.com/test/123?foo=bar')->host;
  # "[email protected]"
  $url->parse('mailto:[email protected]')->path;

path

  my $path = $url->path;
  $url     = $url->path('foo/bar');
  $url     = $url->path('/foo/bar');
  $url     = $url->path(Mojo::Path->new);

Path part of this URL, relative paths will be merged with ``merge'' in Mojo::Path, defaults to a Mojo::Path object.

  # "perldoc"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo')->path->parts->[0];
  # "/perldoc/DOM/HTML"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo')->path->merge('DOM/HTML');
  # "http://example.com/DOM/HTML"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo')->path('/DOM/HTML');
  # "http://example.com/perldoc/DOM/HTML"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo')->path('DOM/HTML');
  # "http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo/DOM/HTML"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo/')->path('DOM/HTML');

path_query

  my $path_query = $url->path_query;

Normalized version of ``path'' and ``query''.

  # "/test?a=1&b=2"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/test?a=1&b=2')->path_query;
  # "/"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/')->path_query;

protocol

  my $proto = $url->protocol;

Normalized version of ``scheme''.

  # "http"
  Mojo::URL->new('HtTp://example.com')->protocol;

query

  my $query = $url->query;
  $url      = $url->query([merge => 'with']);
  $url      = $url->query({append => 'to'});
  $url      = $url->query(replace => 'with');
  $url      = $url->query('a=1&b=2');
  $url      = $url->query(Mojo::Parameters->new);

Query part of this URL, key/value pairs in an array reference will be merged with ``merge'' in Mojo::Parameters, and key/value pairs in a hash reference appended with ``append'' in Mojo::Parameters, defaults to a Mojo::Parameters object.

  # "2"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query->param('b');
  # "a=2&b=2&c=3"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query->merge(a => 2, c => 3);
  # "http://example.com?a=2&c=3"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query(a => 2, c => 3);
  # "http://example.com?a=2&a=3"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query(a => [2, 3]);
  # "http://example.com?a=2&b=2&c=3"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query([a => 2, c => 3]);
  # "http://example.com?b=2"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query([a => undef]);
  # "http://example.com?a=1&b=2&a=2&c=3"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query({a => 2, c => 3});

to_abs

  my $abs = $url->to_abs;
  my $abs = $url->to_abs(Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo'));

Clone relative URL and turn it into an absolute one using ``base'' or provided base URL.

  # "http://example.com/foo/baz.xml?test=123"
  Mojo::URL->new('baz.xml?test=123')
    ->to_abs(Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo/bar.html'));
  # "http://example.com/baz.xml?test=123"
  Mojo::URL->new('/baz.xml?test=123')
    ->to_abs(Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo/bar.html'));
  # "http://example.com/foo/baz.xml?test=123"
  Mojo::URL->new('//example.com/foo/baz.xml?test=123')
    ->to_abs(Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo/bar.html'));

to_string

  my $str = $url->to_string;

Turn URL into a string.

  # "http://mojolicious.org"
  Mojo::URL->new->scheme('http')->host('mojolicious.org')->to_string;

OPERATORS

Mojo::URL overloads the following operators.

bool

  my $bool = !!$url;

Always true.

stringify

  my $str = "$url";

Alias for ``to_string''.