SYNTAX
C Syntax
#include <mpi.h> int MPI_Type_create_subarray(int ndims, const int array_of_sizes[], const int array_of_subsizes[], const int array_of_starts[], int order, MPI_Datatype oldtype, MPI_Datatype *newtype)
Fortran Syntax
INCLUDE 'mpif.h' MPI_TYPE_CREATE_SUBARRAY(NDIMS, ARRAY_OF_SIZES, ARRAY_OF_SUBSIZES, ARRAY_OF_STARTS, ORDER, OLDTYPE, NEWTYPE, IERROR) INTEGER NDIMS, ARRAY_OF_SIZES(*), ARRAY_OF_SUBSIZES(*), ARRAY_OF_STARTS(*), ORDER, OLDTYPE, NEWTYPE, IERROR
C++ Syntax
#include <mpi.h> MPI::Datatype MPI::Datatype::Create_subarray(int ndims, const int array_of_sizes[], const int array_of_subsizes[], const int array_of_starts[], int order) const
INPUT PARAMETERS
 ndims
 Number of array dimensions (positive integer).
 array_of_sizes
 Number of elements of type oldtype in each dimension of the full array (array of positive integers).
 array_of_subsizes
 Number of elements of type oldtype in each dimension of the subarray (array of positive integers).
 array_of_starts
 Starting coordinates of the subarray in each dimension (array of nonnegative integers).
 order
 Array storage order flag (state).
 oldtype

Array element data type (handle).
OUTPUT PARAMETERS
 newtype
 New data type (handle).
 IERROR

Fortran only: Error status (integer).
DESCRIPTION
The subarray type constructor creates an MPI data type describing an ndimensional subarray of an ndimensional array. The subarray may be situated anywhere within the full array, and may be of any nonzero size up to the size of the larger array as long as it is confined within this array. This type constructor facilitates creating file types to access arrays distributed in blocks among processes to a single file that contains the global array.This type constructor can handle arrays with an arbitrary number of dimensions and works for both C and Fortranordered matrices (that is, rowmajor or columnmajor). Note that a C program may use Fortran order and a Fortran program may use C order.
The ndims parameter specifies the number of dimensions in the full data array and gives the number of elements in array_of_sizes, array_of_subsizes, and array_of_starts.
The number of elements of type oldtype in each dimension of the ndimensional array and the requested subarray are specified by array_of_sizes and array_of_subsizes, respectively. For any dimension i, it is erroneous to specify array_of_subsizes[i] < 1 or array_of_subsizes[i] > array of sizes[i].
The array_of_starts contains the starting coordinates of each dimension of the subarray. Arrays are assumed to be indexed starting from zero. For any dimension i, it is erroneous to specify
array_of_starts[i] < 0
or
array_of_starts[i] > (array_of_sizes[i]  array_of_subsizes[i]).
The order argument specifies the storage order for the subarray as well as the full array. It must be set to one of the following:
 MPI_ORDER_C: The ordering used by C arrays, (that is, rowmajor order)
 MPI_ORDER_FORTRAN: The ordering used by Fortran arrays, (that is, columnmajor order)
A ndimsdimensional subarray (newtype) with no extra padding can be defined by the function Subarray() as follows:
newtype = Subarray(ndims, {size , size ,..., size }, 0 1 ndims1 {subsize , subsize , ..., subsize }, 0 1 ndims1 {start , start , ..., start }, oldtype) 0 1 ndims1
Let the typemap of oldtype have the form:
{(type , disp ), (type , disp ), ..., (type , disp )} 0 0 1 1 n1 n1
where typei is a predefined MPI data type, and let ex be the extent of oldtype.
The Subarray() function is defined recursively in three equations on page 72 of the MPI2 standard.
For an example use of MPI_Type_create_subarray in the context of I/O, see Section 9.9.2 of the MPI2 standard.
NOTES
In a Fortran program with arrays indexed starting from 1, if the starting coordinate of a particular dimension of the subarray is n, then the entry in array of starts for that dimension is n1.
ERRORS
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ functions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism will be used to throw an MPI::Exception object.Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.