SYNTAXopalc++ [-showme|-showme:compile|-showme:link] ...
- Do not invoke the underlying compiler. Instead, show the command line that would be executed to compile the program. NOTE: If a non-filename argument is passed on the command line, the -showme option will not display any additional flags. For example, both "opalc++ --showme" and "opalc++ --showme my_source.c" will show all the wrapper-supplied flags. But "opalc++ -showme -v" will only show the underlying compiler name and "-v".
- Do not invoke the underlying C++ compiler. Instead, show the compiler flags that would be supplied to the C++ compiler.
- Do not invoke the underlying C++ compiler. Instead, show the linker flags that would be supplied to the C++ compiler.
See the man page for your underlying compiler for other options that can be passed through opalc++
Conceptually, the role of these commands is quite simple: transparently add relevant compiler and linker flags to the user's command line that are necessary to compile / link Open PAL programs, and then invoke the underlying compiler to actually perform the command.
As such, these commands are frequently referred to as "wrapper" compilers because they do not actually compile or link applications themselves; they only add in command line flags and invoke the back-end compiler.
BackgroundOpen MPI is comprised of three software layers: OPAL (Open Portable Access Layer), ORTE (Open Run-Time Environment), and OMPI (Open MPI). There are wrapper compilers for each layer; each layer's wrapper only links in the libraries relevant for that layer. Specifically, each layer provides the following wrapper compilers:
- opalcc and opalc++
- ortecc and ortec++
- mpicc, mpic++, mpicxx, mpiCC (only on systems with case-senstive file systems), mpif77, and mpif90. Note that mpic++, mpicxx, and mpiCC all invoke the same underlying C++ compiler with the same options. All are provided as compatibility with other MPI implementations.
The Fortran wrapper compilers for MPI (mpif77 and mpif90) will be inoperative and will return an error on use if Fortran 77 / Fortran 90 support was not built into the MPI layer.
Overviewopalc++ is a convenience wrappers for the underlying C++ compiler. Translation of an Open PAL program requires the linkage of the Open PAL-specific libraries which may not reside in one of the standard search directories of ld(1). It also often requires the inclusion of header files what may also not be found in a standard location.
opalc++ passes its arguments to the underlying C++ compiler along with the -I, -L and -l options required by Open PAL programs.
The Open PAL Team strongly encourages using the wrapper compilers instead of attempting to link to the Open PAL libraries manually. This allows the specific implementation of Open PAL to change without forcing changes to linker directives in users' Makefiles. Indeed, the specific set of flags and libraries used by the wrapper compilers depends on how Open PAL was configured and built; the values can change between different installations of the same version of Open PAL.
Indeed, since the wrappers are simply thin shells on top of an underlying compiler, there are very, very few compelling reasons not to use opalc++. When it is not possible to use the wrappers directly, the -showme:compile and -showme:link options should be used to determine what flags the wrappers would have used. For example:
shell$ cc -c file1.c `mpicc -showme:compile`
shell$ cc -c file2.c `mpicc -showme:compile`
shell$ cc file1.o file2.o `mpicc -showme:link` -o my_mpi_program
It is possible to make the wrapper compilers multi-lib aware. That is, the libraries and includes specified may differ based on the compiler flags specified (for example, with the GNU compilers on Linux, a different library path may be used if -m32 is seen versus -m64 being seen). This is not the default behavior in a standard build, but can be activated (for example, in a binary package providing both 32 and 64 bit support). More information can be found at:
The string that the wrapper compilers insert into the command line before invoking the underlying compiler are stored in a text file created by Open PAL and installed to $pkgdata/opalc++-wrapper-data.txt, where $pkgdata is typically $prefix/share/openmpi, and $prefix is the top installation directory of Open PAL.
It is rarely necessary to edit this file, but it can be examined to gain insight into what flags the wrappers are placing on the command line.
By default, the wrappers use the compilers that were selected when Open PAL was configured. These compilers were either found automatically by Open MPI's "configure" script, or were selected by the user in the CC, CXX, F77, and/or FC environment variables before "configure" was invoked. Additionally, other arguments specific to the compiler may have been selected by configure.
These values can be selectively overridden by either editing the text files containing this configuration information (see the FILES section), or by setting selected environment variables of the form "OPAL_value".
Valid value names are:
- Flags added when invoking the preprocessor (C or C++)
- Flags added when invoking the linker (C, C++, or Fortran)
- Libraries added when invoking the linker (C, C++, or Fortran)
- C compiler
- C compiler flags
- C++ compiler
- C++ compiler flags
- Fortran 77 compiler
- Fortran 77 compiler flags
- Fortran 90 compiler
Fortran 90 compiler flags