 PDGESV(1) compute the solution to a real system of linear equations sub( A ) * X = sub( B ),

## SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE PDGESV(
N, NRHS, A, IA, JA, DESCA, IPIV, B, IB, JB, DESCB, INFO )

INTEGER IA, IB, INFO, JA, JB, N, NRHS

INTEGER DESCA( * ), DESCB( * ), IPIV( * )

DOUBLE PRECISION A( * ), B( * )

## PURPOSE

PDGESV computes the solution to a real system of linear equations

where sub( A ) = A(IA:IA+N-1,JA:JA+N-1) is an N-by-N distributed matrix and X and sub( B ) = B(IB:IB+N-1,JB:JB+NRHS-1) are N-by-NRHS distributed matrices.

The LU decomposition with partial pivoting and row interchanges is used to factor sub( A ) as sub( A ) = P * L * U, where P is a permu- tation matrix, L is unit lower triangular, and U is upper triangular. L and U are stored in sub( A ). The factored form of sub( A ) is then used to solve the system of equations sub( A ) * X = sub( B ).

Notes
=====

Each global data object is described by an associated description vector. This vector stores the information required to establish the mapping between an object element and its corresponding process and memory location.

Let A be a generic term for any 2D block cyclicly distributed array. Such a global array has an associated description vector DESCA. In the following comments, the character _ should be read as "of the global array".

NOTATION STORED IN EXPLANATION
--------------- -------------- -------------------------------------- DTYPE_A(global) DESCA( DTYPE_ )The descriptor type. In this case,
DTYPE_A = 1.
CTXT_A (global) DESCA( CTXT_ ) The BLACS context handle, indicating
the BLACS process grid A is distribu-
ted over. The context itself is glo-
bal, but the handle (the integer
value) may vary.
M_A (global) DESCA( M_ ) The number of rows in the global
array A.
N_A (global) DESCA( N_ ) The number of columns in the global
array A.
MB_A (global) DESCA( MB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the rows of the array.
NB_A (global) DESCA( NB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the columns of the array.
RSRC_A (global) DESCA( RSRC_ ) The process row over which the first
row of the array A is distributed. CSRC_A (global) DESCA( CSRC_ ) The process column over which the
first column of the array A is
distributed.
LLD_A (local) DESCA( LLD_ ) The leading dimension of the local
array.  LLD_A >= MAX(1,LOCr(M_A)).

Let K be the number of rows or columns of a distributed matrix, and assume that its process grid has dimension p x q.
LOCr( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process would receive if K were distributed over the p processes of its process column.
Similarly, LOCc( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process would receive if K were distributed over the q processes of its process row.
The values of LOCr() and LOCc() may be determined via a call to the ScaLAPACK tool function, NUMROC:

LOCr( M ) = NUMROC( M, MB_A, MYROW, RSRC_A, NPROW ),
LOCc( N ) = NUMROC( N, NB_A, MYCOL, CSRC_A, NPCOL ). An upper bound for these quantities may be computed by:

LOCr( M ) <= ceil( ceil(M/MB_A)/NPROW )*MB_A

LOCc( N ) <= ceil( ceil(N/NB_A)/NPCOL )*NB_A

This routine requires square block decomposition ( MB_A = NB_A ).

## ARGUMENTS

N (global input) INTEGER
The number of rows and columns to be operated on, i.e. the order of the distributed submatrix sub( A ). N >= 0.
NRHS (global input) INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the distributed submatrix sub( A ). NRHS >= 0.
A (local input/local output) DOUBLE PRECISION pointer into the
local memory to an array of dimension (LLD_A,LOCc(JA+N-1)). On entry, the local pieces of the N-by-N distributed matrix sub( A ) to be factored. On exit, this array contains the local pieces of the factors L and U from the factorization sub( A ) = P*L*U; the unit diagonal elements of L are not stored.
IA (global input) INTEGER
The row index in the global array A indicating the first row of sub( A ).
JA (global input) INTEGER
The column index in the global array A indicating the first column of sub( A ).
DESCA (global and local input) INTEGER array of dimension DLEN_.
The array descriptor for the distributed matrix A.
IPIV (local output) INTEGER array, dimension ( LOCr(M_A)+MB_A )
This array contains the pivoting information. IPIV(i) -> The global row local row i was swapped with. This array is tied to the distributed matrix A.
B (local input/local output) DOUBLE PRECISION pointer into the
local memory to an array of dimension (LLD_B,LOCc(JB+NRHS-1)). On entry, the right hand side distributed matrix sub( B ). On exit, if INFO = 0, sub( B ) is overwritten by the solution distributed matrix X.
IB (global input) INTEGER
The row index in the global array B indicating the first row of sub( B ).
JB (global input) INTEGER
The column index in the global array B indicating the first column of sub( B ).
DESCB (global and local input) INTEGER array of dimension DLEN_.
The array descriptor for the distributed matrix B.
INFO (global output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: If the i-th argument is an array and the j-entry had an illegal value, then INFO = -(i*100+j), if the i-th argument is a scalar and had an illegal value, then INFO = -i. > 0: If INFO = K, U(IA+K-1,JA+K-1) is exactly zero. The factorization has been completed, but the factor U is exactly singular, so the solution could not be computed.