SYNOPSISpmval [-dgrz] [-A align] [-a archive] [-f N] [-h host] [-i instances] [-K spec] [-n pmnsfile] [-O offset] [-p port] [-S starttime] [-s samples] [-T endtime] [-t interval] [-U archive] [-w width] [-Z timezone] metricname
DESCRIPTIONpmval prints current or archived values for the nominated performance metric. The metric of interest is named in the metricname argument, subject to instance qualification with the -i flag as described below.
Unless directed to another host by the -h option, or to an archive by the -a or -U options, pmval will contact the Performance Metrics Collector Daemon (PMCD) on the local host to obtain the required information.
The metricname argument may also be given in the metric specification syntax, as described in PCPIntro(1), where the source, metric and instance may all be included in the metricname, e.g. thathost:kernel.all.load["1 minute"]. When this format is used, none of the -h or -a or -U options maye be specificed.
When using the metric specification syntax, the ``hostname'' @ is treated specially and causes pmval to use a local context to collect metrics from PMDAs on the local host without PMCD. Only some metrics are available in this mode.
When processing an archive, pmval may relinquish its own timing control, and operate as a ``slave'' of a pmtime(1) process that uses a GUI dialog to provide timing control. In this case, either the -g option should be used to start pmval as the sole slave of a new pmtime(1) instance, or -p should be used to attach pmval to an existing pmtime(1) instance via the IPC channel identified by the port argument.
The -S, -T, -O and -A options may be used to define a time window to restrict the samples retrieved, set an initial origin within the time window, or specify a ``natural'' alignment of the sample times; refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of these options.
Options which control the source, timing and layout of the information reported by pmval are as follows:
- Performance metric values are retrieved from the Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) archive log file identified by the base name archive.
- When replaying from an archive, this option requests that the prevailing real-time delay be applied between samples (see -t) to effect a pause, rather than the default behaviour of replaying at full speed.
- Numbers are reported in ``fixed point'' notation, rather than the default scientific notation. Each number will be up to the column width determined by the default heuristics, else the -w option if specified, and include N digits after the decimal point. So, the options -f 3 -w 8 would produce numbers of the form 9999.999. A value of zero for N omits the decimal point and any fractional digits.
- Start pmval as the slave of a new pmtime(1) process for replay of archived performance data using the pmtime(1) graphical user interface.
- Current performance metric values are retrieved from the nominated host machine.
is a list of one or more
instance names for the nominated performance metric - just these
instances will be retrieved and reported
(the default is to report all instances).
The list must be a single argument, with
elements of the list separated by commas and/or white space.
The instance name may be quoted with single (') or double (") quotes for those cases where the instance name contains white space or commas.
Multiple -i options are allowed as an alternative way of specifying more than one instance of interest.
As an example, the following are all equivalent:
$ pmval -i "'1 minute','5 minute'" kernel.all.load $ pmval -i '"1 minute","5 minute"' kernel.all.load $ pmval -i "'1 minute' '5 minute'" kernel.all.load $ pmval -i "'1 minute'" -i "'5 minute'" kernel.all.load $ pmval 'localhost:kernel.all.load["1 minute","5 minute"]'
- When fetching metrics from a local context, the -K option may be used to control the DSO PMDAs that should be made accessible. The spec argument conforms to the syntax described in __pmSpecLocalPMDA(3). More than one -K option may be used.
- Normally pmval operates on the default Performance Metrics Name Space (PMNS), however if the -n option is specified an alternative namespace is loaded from the file pmnsfile.
- Attach pmval to an existing pmtime(1) time control process instance via the IPC channel identified by the port argument. This option is normally only used by other tools, e.g. pmchart(1), when they launch pmval with synchronized time control.
- Print raw values for cumulative counter metrics. Normally cumulative counter metrics are converted to rates. For example, disk transfers are reported as number of disk transfers per second during the preceding sample interval, rather than the raw value of number of disk transfers since the machine was booted. If you specify this option, the raw metric values are printed.
- The argument samples defines the number of samples to be retrieved and reported. If samples is 0 or -s is not specified, pmval will sample and report continuously (in real time mode) or until the end of the PCP archive (in archive mode).
- The default update interval may be set to something other than the default 1 second. The interval argument follows the syntax described in PCPIntro(1), and in the simplest form may be an unsigned integer (the implied units in this case are seconds).
Performance metric values are retrieved from the Performance Co-Pilot (PCP)
archive log file identified by the base name
every recorded value in the archive for the selected metric
and instances is reported (so no interpolation mode, and the sample
option) is ignored.
At most one of the options -a and -U may be specified.
- Set the width of each column of output to be width columns. If not specified columns are wide enough to accommodate the largest value of the type being printed.
- By default, pmval reports the time of day according to the local timezone on the system where pmval is run. The -Z option changes the timezone to timezone in the format of the environment variable TZ as described in environ(5).
- Change the reporting timezone to the local timezone at the host that is the source of the performance metrics, as identified via either the metricname or the -h or -a or -U options.
The following symbols may occasionally appear, in place of a metric value, in pmval output: A question mark symbol (?) indicates that a value is no longer available for that metric instance. An exclamation mark (!) indicates that a 64-bit counter wrapped during the sample.
The output from pmval is directed to standard output.
- default PMNS specification files
PCP ENVIRONMENTEnvironment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parameterize the file and directory names used by PCP. On each installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values for these variables. The $PCP_CONF variable may be used to specify an alternative configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(4).
DIAGNOSTICSAll are generated on standard error and are intended to be self-explanatory.
CAVEATSBy default, pmval attempts to display non-integer numeric values in a way that does not distort the inherent precision (rarely more than 4 significant digits), and tries to maintain a tabular format in the output. These goals are sometimes in conflict.
In the absence of the -f option (described above), the following table describes the formats used for different ranges of numeric values for any metric that is of type PM_TYPE_FLOAT or PM_TYPE_DOUBLE, or any metric that has the semantics of a counter (for which pmval reports the rate converted value):