POE::Component::IRC::State(3) A fully event-driven IRC client module with

SYNOPSIS


# A simple Rot13 'encryption' bot
use strict;
use warnings;
use POE qw(Component::IRC::State);
my $nickname = 'Flibble' . $$;
my $ircname = 'Flibble the Sailor Bot';
my $ircserver = 'irc.blahblahblah.irc';
my $port = 6667;
my @channels = ( '#Blah', '#Foo', '#Bar' );
# We create a new PoCo-IRC object and component.
my $irc = POE::Component::IRC::State->spawn(
nick => $nickname,
server => $ircserver,
port => $port,
ircname => $ircname,
) or die "Oh noooo! $!";
POE::Session->create(
package_states => [
main => [ qw(_default _start irc_001 irc_public) ],
],
heap => { irc => $irc },
);
$poe_kernel->run();
sub _start {
my ($kernel, $heap) = @_[KERNEL, HEAP];
# We get the session ID of the component from the object
# and register and connect to the specified server.
my $irc_session = $heap->{irc}->session_id();
$kernel->post( $irc_session => register => 'all' );
$kernel->post( $irc_session => connect => { } );
return;
}
sub irc_001 {
my ($kernel, $sender) = @_[KERNEL, SENDER];
# Get the component's object at any time by accessing the heap of
# the SENDER
my $poco_object = $sender->get_heap();
print "Connected to ", $poco_object->server_name(), "\n";
# In any irc_* events SENDER will be the PoCo-IRC session
$kernel->post( $sender => join => $_ ) for @channels;
return;
}
sub irc_public {
my ($kernel ,$sender, $who, $where, $what) = @_[KERNEL, SENDER, ARG0 .. ARG2];
my $nick = ( split /!/, $who )[0];
my $channel = $where->[0];
my $poco_object = $sender->get_heap();
if ( my ($rot13) = $what =~ /^rot13 (.+)/ ) {
# Only operators can issue a rot13 command to us.
return if !$poco_object->is_channel_operator( $channel, $nick );
$rot13 =~ tr[a-zA-Z][n-za-mN-ZA-M];
$kernel->post( $sender => privmsg => $channel => "$nick: $rot13" );
}
return;
}
# We registered for all events, this will produce some debug info.
sub _default {
my ($event, $args) = @_[ARG0 .. $#_];
my @output = ( "$event: " );
for my $arg ( @$args ) {
if (ref $arg eq 'ARRAY') {
push( @output, '[' . join(', ', @$arg ) . ']' );
}
else {
push ( @output, "'$arg'" );
}
}
print join ' ', @output, "\n";
return 0;
}

DESCRIPTION

POE::Component::IRC::State is a sub-class of POE::Component::IRC which tracks IRC state entities such as nicks and channels. See the documentation for POE::Component::IRC for general usage. This document covers the extra methods that POE::Component::IRC::State provides.

The component tracks channels and nicks, so that it always has a current snapshot of what channels it is on and who else is on those channels. The returned object provides methods to query the collected state.

CONSTRUCTORS

POE::Component::IRC::State's constructors, and its "connect" event, all take the same arguments as POE::Component::IRC does, as well as two additional ones:

'AwayPoll', the interval (in seconds) in which to poll (i.e. "WHO #channel") the away status of channel members. Defaults to 0 (disabled). If enabled, you will receive "irc_away_sync_*" / "irc_user_away" / "irc_user_back" events, and will be able to use the "is_away" method for users other than yourself. This can cause a lot of increase in traffic, especially if you are on big channels, so if you do use this, you probably don't want to set it too low. For reference, X-Chat uses 300 seconds (5 minutes).

'WhoJoiners', a boolean indicating whether the component should send a "WHO nick" for every person which joins a channel. Defaults to on (the "WHO" is sent). If you turn this off, "is_operator" will not work and "nick_info" will only return the keys 'Nick', 'User', 'Host' and 'Userhost'.

METHODS

All of the POE::Component::IRC methods are supported, plus the following:

ban_mask

Expects a channel and a ban mask, as passed to MODE +b-b. Returns a list of nicks on that channel that match the specified ban mask or an empty list if the channel doesn't exist in the state or there are no matches.

channel_ban_list

Expects a channel as a parameter. Returns a hashref containing the banlist if the channel is in the state, a false value if not. The hashref keys are the entries on the list, each with the keys 'SetBy' and 'SetAt'. These keys will hold the nick!hostmask of the user who set the entry (or just the nick if it's all the ircd gives us), and the time at which it was set respectively.

channel_creation_time

Expects a channel as parameter. Returns channel creation time or a false value.

channel_except_list

Expects a channel as a parameter. Returns a hashref containing the ban exception list if the channel is in the state, a false value if not. The hashref keys are the entries on the list, each with the keys 'SetBy' and 'SetAt'. These keys will hold the nick!hostmask of the user who set the entry (or just the nick if it's all the ircd gives us), and the time at which it was set respectively.

channel_invex_list

Expects a channel as a parameter. Returns a hashref containing the invite exception list if the channel is in the state, a false value if not. The hashref keys are the entries on the list, each with the keys 'SetBy' and 'SetAt'. These keys will hold the nick!hostmask of the user who set the entry (or just the nick if it's all the ircd gives us), and the time at which it was set respectively.

channel_key

Expects a channel as parameter. Returns the channel key or a false value.

channel_limit

Expects a channel as parameter. Returns the channel limit or a false value.

channel_list

Expects a channel as parameter. Returns a list of all nicks on the specified channel. If the component happens to not be on that channel an empty list will be returned.

channel_modes

Expects a channel as parameter. Returns a hash ref keyed on channel mode, with the mode argument (if any) as the value. Returns a false value instead if the channel is not in the state.

channels

Takes no parameters. Returns a hashref, keyed on channel name and whether the bot is operator, halfop or has voice on that channel.

 for my $channel ( keys %{ $irc->channels() } ) {
     $irc->yield( 'privmsg' => $channel => 'm00!' );
 }

channel_topic

Expects a channel as a parameter. Returns a hashref containing topic information if the channel is in the state, a false value if not. The hashref contains the following keys: 'Value', 'SetBy', 'SetAt'. These keys will hold the topic itself, the nick!hostmask of the user who set it (or just the nick if it's all the ircd gives us), and the time at which it was set respectively.

If the component happens to not be on the channel, nothing will be returned.

channel_url

Expects a channel as a parameter. Returns the channel's URL. If the channel has no URL or the component is not on the channel, nothing will be returned.

has_channel_voice

Expects a channel and a nickname as parameters. Returns a true value if the nick has voice on the specified channel. Returns false if the nick does not have voice on the channel or if the nick/channel does not exist in the state.

is_away

Expects a nick as parameter. Returns a true value if the specified nick is away. Returns a false value if the nick is not away or not in the state. This will only work for your IRC user unless you specified a value for 'AwayPoll' in "spawn".

is_channel_admin

Expects a channel and a nickname as parameters. Returns a true value if the nick is an admin on the specified channel. Returns false if the nick is not an admin on the channel or if the nick/channel does not exist in the state.

is_channel_halfop

Expects a channel and a nickname as parameters. Returns a true value if the nick is a half-operator on the specified channel. Returns false if the nick is not a half-operator on the channel or if the nick/channel does not exist in the state.

is_channel_member

Expects a channel and a nickname as parameters. Returns a true value if the nick is on the specified channel. Returns false if the nick is not on the channel or if the nick/channel does not exist in the state.

is_channel_mode_set

Expects a channel and a single mode flag "[A-Za-z]". Returns a true value if that mode is set on the channel.

is_channel_operator

Expects a channel and a nickname as parameters. Returns a true value if the nick is an operator on the specified channel. Returns false if the nick is not an operator on the channel or if the nick/channel does not exist in the state.

is_channel_owner

Expects a channel and a nickname as parameters. Returns a true value if the nick is an owner on the specified channel. Returns false if the nick is not an owner on the channel or if the nick/channel does not exist in the state.

is_channel_synced

Expects a channel as a parameter. Returns true if the channel has been synced. Returns false if it has not been synced or if the channel is not in the state.

is_operator

Expects a nick as parameter. Returns a true value if the specified nick is an IRC operator. Returns a false value if the nick is not an IRC operator or is not in the state.

is_user_mode_set

Expects single user mode flag "[A-Za-z]". Returns a true value if that user mode is set.

nick_channel_modes

Expects a channel and a nickname as parameters. Returns the modes of the specified nick on the specified channel (ie. qaohv). If the nick is not on the channel in the state, a false value will be returned.

nick_channels

Expects a nickname. Returns a list of the channels that that nickname and the component are on. An empty list will be returned if the nickname does not exist in the state.

nick_info

Expects a nickname. Returns a hashref containing similar information to that returned by WHOIS. Returns a false value if the nickname doesn't exist in the state. The hashref contains the following keys:

'Nick', 'User', 'Host', 'Userhost', 'Hops', 'Real', 'Server' and, if applicable, 'IRCop'.

nick_long_form

Expects a nickname. Returns the long form of that nickname, ie. "[email protected]" or a false value if the nick is not in the state.

nicks

Takes no parameters. Returns a list of all the nicks, including itself, that it knows about. If the component happens to be on no channels then an empty list is returned.

umode

Takes no parameters. Returns the current user mode set for the bot.

OUTPUT EVENTS

Augmented events

New parameters are added to the following POE::Component::IRC events.

"irc_quit"

See also "irc_quit" in POE::Component::IRC.

Additional parameter "ARG2" contains an arrayref of channel names that are common to the quitting client and the component.

"irc_nick"

See also "irc_nick" in POE::Component::IRC.

Additional parameter "ARG2" contains an arrayref of channel names that are common to the nick hanging client and the component.

"irc_kick"

See also "irc_kick" in POE::Component::IRC.

Additional parameter "ARG4" contains the full [email protected] of the kicked individual.

"irc_topic"

See also "irc_kick" in POE::Component::IRC.

Additional parameter "ARG3" contains the old topic hashref, like the one returned by "channel_topic".

"irc_disconnected"

"irc_error"

"irc_socketerr"

These three all have two additional parameters. "ARG1" is a hash of information about your IRC user (see "nick_info"), while "ARG2" is a hash of the channels you were on (see "channels").

New events

As well as all the usual POE::Component::IRC "irc_*" events, there are the following events you can register for:

"irc_away_sync_start"

Sent whenever the component starts to synchronise the away statuses of channel members. "ARG0" is the channel name. You will only receive this event if you specified a value for 'AwayPoll' in "spawn".

"irc_away_sync_end"

Sent whenever the component has completed synchronising the away statuses of channel members. "ARG0" is the channel name. You will only receive this event if you specified a value for 'AwayPoll' in "spawn".

"irc_chan_mode"

This is almost identical to "irc_mode", except that it's sent once for each individual mode with it's respective argument if it has one (ie. the banmask if it's +b or -b). However, this event is only sent for channel modes.

"irc_chan_sync"

Sent whenever the component has completed synchronising a channel that it has joined. "ARG0" is the channel name and "ARG1" is the time in seconds that the channel took to synchronise.

"irc_chan_sync_invex"

Sent whenever the component has completed synchronising a channel's INVEX (invite list). Usually triggered by the component being opped on a channel. "ARG0" is the channel name.

"irc_chan_sync_excepts"

Sent whenever the component has completed synchronising a channel's EXCEPTS (ban exemption list). Usually triggered by the component being opped on a channel. "ARG0" is the channel.

"irc_nick_sync"

Sent whenever the component has completed synchronising a user who has joined a channel the component is on. "ARG0" is the user's nickname and "ARG1" the channel they have joined.

"irc_user_away"

Sent when an IRC user sets his/her status to away. "ARG0" is the nickname, "ARG1" is an arrayref of channel names that are common to the nickname and the component. You will only receive this event if you specified a value for 'AwayPoll' in "spawn".

Note: This above is only for users other than yourself. To know when you change your own away status, register for the "irc_305" and "irc_306" events.

"irc_user_back"

Sent when an IRC user unsets his/her away status. "ARG0" is the nickname, "ARG1" is an arrayref of channel names that are common to the nickname and the component. You will only receive this event if you specified a value for 'AwayPoll' in "spawn".

Note: This above is only for users other than yourself. To know when you change your own away status, register for the "irc_305" and "irc_306" events.

"irc_user_mode"

This is almost identical to "irc_mode", except it is sent for each individual umode that is being set.

CAVEATS

The component gathers information by registering for "irc_quit", "irc_nick", "irc_join", "irc_part", "irc_mode", "irc_kick" and various numeric replies. When the component is asked to join a channel, when it joins it will issue 'WHO #channel', 'MODE #channel', and 'MODE #channel b'. These will solicit between them the numerics, "irc_352", "irc_324" and "irc_329", respectively. When someone joins a channel the bot is on, it issues a 'WHO nick'. You may want to ignore these.

Currently, whenever the component sees a topic or channel list change, it will use "time" for the SetAt value and the full address of the user who set it for the SetBy value. When an ircd gives us its record of such changes, it will use its own time (obviously) and may only give us the nickname of the user, rather than their full address. Thus, if our "time" and the ircd's time do not match, or the ircd uses the nickname only, ugly inconsistencies can develop. This leaves the 'SetAt' and 'SetBy' values inaccurate at best, and you should use them with this in mind (for now, at least).

AUTHOR

Chris Williams <[email protected]>

With contributions from Lyndon Miller.

LICENCE

This module may be used, modified, and distributed under the same terms as Perl itself. Please see the license that came with your Perl distribution for details.