OTHER DOCUMENTATIONThis documentation assumes you have read Postfix's README_FILES/ SMTPD_POLICY_README.
postfix-policyd-spf-perl is a Postfix SMTP policy server for SPF checking. It is implemented in pure Perl and uses the Mail::SPF CPAN module. Note that Mail::SPF is a complete re-implementation of SPF based on the final experimental SPF RFC, RFC 4408. It shares no code with the older Mail::SPF::Query that was the original SPF development implementation. Mail::SPF was the inspiration for the new void lookup limit added in the standards track SPF RFC, RFC 7208. While Mail::SPF has not yet been specifically updated for RFC 7208, there are no significant changes needed.
This version of the policy server always checks HELO before Mail From (older versions just checked HELO if Mail From was null). It will reject mail that fails either Mail From or HELO SPF checks. It will defer mail if there is a temporary SPF error and the message would othersise be permitted (DEFER_IF_PERMIT). If the HELO check produces a REJECT/DEFER result, Mail From will not be checked.
If the message is not rejected or deferred, the policy server will PREPEND the appropriate SPF Received header. If Mail From is anything other than completely empty (i.e. <>) then the Mail From result will be used for SPF Received (e.g. Mail From None even if HELO is Pass).
The policy server skips SPF checks for connections from the localhost (127.) and instead prepends and logs 'SPF skipped - localhost is always allowed.' If you have relays that you want to skip SPF checks for, you can add them to relay_addresses on line 78 using standard CIDR notation in a space separated list. For these addresses, 'X-Comment: SPF skipped for whitelisted relay' is prepended and logged.
Error conditions within the policy server (that don't result in a crash) or from Mail::SPF will return DUNNO.
Logging is sent to syslogd.
Each time a Postfix SMTP server process is started it connects to the policy service socket and Postfix runs one instance of this Perls script. By default, a Postfix SMTP server process terminates after 100 seconds of idle time, or after serving 100 clients. Thus, the cost of starting this Perl script is smoothed over time.
The default policy_time_limit is 1000 seconds. This may be too short for some SMTP transactions to complete. As recommended in SMTPD_POLICY_README, this should be extended to 3600 seconds. To do so, set "policy_time_limit = 3600" in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
TESTING THE POLICY DAEMONTesting the policy daemon
To test the policy daemon by hand, execute:
Each query is a bunch of attributes. Order does not matter, and the server uses only a few of all the attributes shown below:
The policy daemon will answer in the same style, with an attribute list followed by a empty line:
action=550 Please see http://www.openspf.org/[email protected]&ip=22.214.171.124&
To test HELO checking sender should be empty:
... More attributes...
If you want more detail in the system logs change $VERBOSE to 1.
1. Add the following to /etc/postfix/master.cf:
spfcheck unix - n n - 0 spawn
2. Configure the Postfix SPF policy service in /etc/postfix/main.cf:
spfcheck_time_limit = 3600
NOTE: Specify check_policy_service AFTER reject_unauth_destination or
else your system can become an open relay.
3. Set up machines which you expect to legitimately forward mail to this
server (see description in synopsis). This should typically include
the IP addresses which backup Mail eXchangers, and known non-SRS
forwarders will use to submit mail to this server (i.e. the source IPs
of the other servers).
4. Restart Postfix.
5. Verify correct backup MX operation (if applicable).