SYNOPSISrat [options] address/port
RAT is a network audio conferencing and streaming application with support for multiple sampling rates, error concealment, and redundant audio encoding. Transmissions can be between two participants directly (unicast) or between a group of participants on a common multicast address.
To initiate a unicast conference the user specifies the address of the destination host name or IP address and a port number. To participate in a multicast conference a Class D group address should be specified together with a port number. The application uses the greatest even integer less than or equal to the port specified for data (RTP) and the port above for control messages (RTCP). The protocols RTP and RTCP used are specified in RFC 1889.
OPTIONSThe following options are supported:
- -agc 1|0
- Enable automatic gain control (AGC).
- Causes rtp packets to be loopbacked during multicast sessions.
- -crypt key
- Enable encryption, with the specified key. Encryption is done using DES, and is believed compatible with encrypting versions of vat.
- -C name
- Sets the RAT window title to name.
- -E email
email address transmitted to remote participants.
- -f codec
- Specifies the primary encoding used when transmitting audio.
- -L location
- Sets the location description transmitted to remote participants.
- -N username
- Sets the username transmitted to remote participants.
- -P phone
- Sets the phone number transmitted to remote participants.
- -pt type/codec
- Specifies the payload type to be used for codec.
- -r codec/offset
- Specifies the coding used for the redundant encoder and the offset of the redundant encoding relative to the primary in audio frames.
- -repair method
- Specifies the use of receiver based repair technique based on method. This can currently be none or repeat.
- -t ttl
Specifies the TTL (time to live)
value set in the packet
headers. This limits
the scope of the packets.
values are generally considered
4 campus/organization 16 country 64 continent 127 planet
- -silence 1|0
- Turns silence suppression on or off.
Displays the version number.
The main window of RAT is split into three sections. At the top of the window are the audio device port and volume selectors, and the mutes for incoming and outgoing audio. In the middle the list of participants shows local and remote conference members. Active speakers are highlighted. Clicking the left mouse button on the name of a remote participant will display a user information panel, giving various reception statistics for that user. Individuals can be selectively muted by clicking on them with the middle mouse button on three button systems, or moving the mouse to the individual and pressing the m. At the bottom of the window are buttons for the options panel, the about panel, and to quit.
Pressing the right mouse button anywhere within the RAT window will temporarily toggle the state of the audio input mute: this allows a "push-to-talk" mode of operation.
RAT supports a large number of options and pressing the "options" button will launch the optinos panel. The best approach to see what is available is to go and explore. The options panel has a category menu at the top and by clicking on it options in the different categories are presented.
User details that are conveyed to other conference participants.
Allows the selection of codec used for transmission, the setting of
the number, of units of audio per packet, and the selection of
redundant audio data.
Options that control how received audio is decoded.
Options to select and configure the available audio device, and
features that pertain to audio handling (i.e. silence suppression,
agc, audio loopback, and echo suppression).
Displays details on available codecs and allows for them to be assigned
to alternate RTP payload numbers. Map payload numbers at your own peril.
Allows DES encryption of audio for incoming and outgoing streams.
Allows users to control balloon help, enable lip synchronization with
suitably modified versions of
, and displaying of windows for reception quality and file playback and recording.
EXAMPLESTo start a unicast session between the current host and the host shrew.cs.ucl.ac.uk using port 12000 type:
To join a multicast session on group address 184.108.40.206 and port 8110 type, using primary encoding of dvi and a secondary encoding of lpc:
rat -f dvi/lpc 220.127.116.11/8110
AUTHORSThis version of RAT was written by Orion Hodson <[email protected]> and Colin Perkins <[email protected]> in the Networked Multimedia Group, University College London. Markus Iken contributed the 3d rendering code. Bob's Olson and Lindell contributed the ALSA audio interface.
The first version of RAT was developed by Vicky Hardman <[email protected]> and Isidor Kouvelas <[email protected]> at University College London. The DES encryption was written by Saleem Bhatti <[email protected]> and integrated by Darren Harris.
RAT has been supported by the following projects:
MICE Multimedia Conferencing in Europe (ESPRIT)
MERCI Multimedia European Research Conferencing Integration
ReLaTe Remote Language Teaching for Super Janet (BT/JISC)
RAT Robust Audio Tool (EPSRC/BT)
This software has benefited from hardware donations by Sun Microsystems and Hewlett Packard, and software donations by Microsoft.
We thank Roy Bennett, Davide Cavagnino, Jon Crowcroft, Ross Finlayson, Atanu Ghosh, Terry Gibbons, Jeremy Hall, Mark Handley, Marcus Iken, Iain McKay, Roman Kurmanowyts, Robert Olson, Fulvio Risso, Roy Rodenstein, Lorenzo Vicisano, Anna Watson, Michael Wallbaum, Hui Zhao, and our collegues at UCL who have provided countless suggestions and extended good humour through the buggy pre-releases.
This software is derived, in part, from publically available source code with the following copyright:
Copyright (c) 1991-1993,1996 Regents of the University of California.
Copyright (c) 1992 Stichting Mathematisch Centrum, Amsterdam.
Copyright (c) 1991,1992 RSA Data Security, Inc.
Copyright (c) 1992 Jutta Degener and Carsten Bormann, Technische Universitaet Berlin.
Copyright (c) 1994 Henning Schulzrinne.
Copyright (c) 1994 Paul Stewart.
This product includes software developed by the Computer Systems
Engineering Group and by the Network Research Group at Lawrence
Encryption features of this software use the RSA Data Security, Inc. MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm.