Accounting information for jobs invoked with Slurm are either logged in the job accounting log file or saved to the Slurm database.
The sacct command displays job accounting data stored in the job accounting log file or Slurm database in a variety of forms for your analysis. The sacct command displays information on jobs, job steps, status, and exitcodes by default. You can tailor the output with the use of the --format= option to specify the fields to be shown.
For the root user, the sacct command displays job accounting data for all users, although there are options to filter the output to report only the jobs from a specified user or group.
For the non-root user, the sacct command limits the display of job accounting data to jobs that were launched with their own user identifier (UID) by default. Data for other users can be displayed with the --allusers, --user, or --uid options.
- If designated, the slurmdbd.conf option PrivateData may further restrict the accounting data visible to users which are not SlurmUser, root, or a user with AdminLevel=Admin. See the slurmdbd.conf man page for additional details on restricting access to accounting data.
- If the AccountingStorageType is set to "accounting_storage/filetxt", space characters embedded within account names, job names, and step names will be replaced by underscores. If account names with embedded spaces are needed, it is recommended that a database type of accounting storage be configured.
- The content's of Slurm's database are maintained in lower case. This may result in some sacct output differing from that of other Slurm commands.
- Much of the data reported by sacct has been generated by the wait3() and getrusage() system calls. Some systems gather and report incomplete information for these calls; sacct reports values of 0 for this missing data. See your systems getrusage (3) man page for information about which data are actually available on your system.
- Elapsed time fields are presented as [days-]hours:minutes:seconds[.microseconds]. Only 'CPU' fields will ever have microseconds.
The default input file is the file named in the
AccountingStorageLoc parameter in slurm.conf.
- -a, --allusers
- Displays all users jobs when run by user root or if PrivateData is not configured to jobs. Otherwise display the current user's jobs
- -A account_list , --accounts=account_list
- Displays jobs when a comma separated list of accounts are given as the argument.
- -b, --brief
Displays a brief listing, which includes the following data:
- -c, --completion
- Use job completion instead of job accounting. The JobCompType parameter in the slurm.conf file must be defined to a non-none option.
ASCII characters used to separate the fields when specifying
the -p or -P options. The default delimiter
is a '|'. This options is ignored if -p or -P options
are not specified.
- -D, --duplicates
If Slurm job ids are reset, some job numbers will probably appear more
than once in the accounting log file but refer to different jobs.
Such jobs can be distinguished by the "submit" time stamp in the data
When data for specific jobs are requested with the --jobs option,
sacct returns the most recent job with that number. This
behavior can be overridden by specifying --duplicates, in which case
all records that match the selection criteria will be returned.
- -e, --helpformat
- Print a list of fields that can be specified with the --format option.
Fields available: AllocCPUS AllocGRES AllocNodes AllocTRES Account AssocID AveCPU AveCPUFreq AveDiskRead AveDiskWrite AvePages AveRSS AveVMSize BlockID Cluster Comment ConsumedEnergy ConsumedEnergyRaw CPUTime CPUTimeRAW DerivedExitCode Elapsed Eligible End ExitCode GID Group JobID JobIDRaw JobName Layout MaxDiskRead MaxDiskReadNode MaxDiskReadTask MaxDiskWrite MaxDiskWriteNode MaxDiskWriteTask MaxPages MaxPagesNode MaxPagesTask MaxRSS MaxRSSNode MaxRSSTask MaxVMSize MaxVMSizeNode MaxVMSizeTask MinCPU MinCPUNode MinCPUTask NCPUS NNodes NodeList NTasks Priority Partition QOS QOSRAW ReqCPUFreq ReqCPUFreqMin ReqCPUFreqMax ReqCPUFreqGov ReqCPUS ReqGRES ReqMem ReqNodes ReqTRES Reservation ReservationId Reserved ResvCPU ResvCPURAW Start State Submit Suspended SystemCPU Timelimit TotalCPU UID User UserCPU WCKey WCKeyID
The section titled "Job Accounting Fields" describes these fields.
- -E end_time, --endtime=end_time
Select jobs in any state before the specified time. If states are given with the -s
option return jobs in this state before this period.
Valid time formats are...
MMDD[YY] or MM/DD[/YY] or MM.DD[.YY]
- -f file, --file=file
Causes the sacct command to read job accounting data from the
named file instead of the current Slurm job accounting log
file. Only applicable when running the filetxt plugin.
- -g gid_list, --gid=gid_list --group=group_list
Displays the statistics only for the jobs started with the GID
or the GROUP specified by the gid_list or thegroup_list operand, which is a comma-separated
list. Space characters are not allowed.
Default is no restrictions..
- -h, --help
Displays a general help message.
- -i, --nnodes=N
Return jobs which ran on this many nodes (N = min[-max])
- -j job(.step) , --jobs=job(.step)
- Displays information about the specified job(.step) or list of job(.step)s.
- The job(.step) parameter is a comma-separated list of jobs. Space characters are not permitted in this list. NOTE: A step id of 'batch' will display the information about the batch step. The batch step information is only available after the batch job is complete unlike regular steps which are available when they start.
The default is to display information on all jobs.
- -k, --timelimit-min
Only send data about jobs with this timelimit. If used with
timelimit_max this will be the minimum timelimit of the range.
Default is no restriction.
- -K, --timelimit-max
Ignored by itself, but if timelimit_min is set this will be the
maximum timelimit of the range. Default is no restriction.
- -l, --long
- Equivalent to specifying:
- -L, --allclusters
Display jobs ran on all clusters. By default, only jobs ran on the
cluster from where sacct is called are displayed.
- -M cluster_list, --clusters=cluster_list
Displays the statistics only for the jobs started on the clusters
specified by the cluster_list operand, which is a
comma-separated list of clusters. Space characters are not allowed
in the cluster_list. Use -1 for all clusters. The default is
current cluster you are executing the sacct command on.
- -n, --noheader
- No heading will be added to the output. The default action is to display a header.
- Don't convert units from their original type (e.g. 2048M won't be converted to 2G).
- -N node_list, --nodelist=node_list
- Display jobs that ran on any of these node(s). node_list can be a ranged string.
- Display jobs that have any of these name(s).
- -o, --format
Comma separated list of fields. (use "--helpformat" for a list of
NOTE: When using the format option for listing various fields you can put a %NUMBER afterwards to specify how many characters should be printed.
e.g. format=name%30 will print 30 characters of field name right justified. A %-30 will print 30 characters left justified.
When set, the SACCT_FORMAT environment variable will override the default format. For example:
- -p, --parsable
output will be '|' delimited with a '|' at the end
- -P, --parsable2
output will be '|' delimited without a '|' at the end
- -q, --qos
Only send data about jobs using these qos. Default is all.
- -r, --partition
Comma separated list of partitions to select jobs and job steps from. The default is all partitions.
- -s state_list , --state=state_list
Selects jobs based on their state during the time period given.
Unless otherwise specified, the start and end time will be the
current time when the --state option is specified and
only currently running jobs can be displayed.
A start and/or end time must be specified to view information about
jobs not currently running.
The following state designators are valid and multiple state names
may be specified using comma separators. Either the short or long form of
the state name may be used (e.g. CA or CANCELLED) and the
name is case insensitive (e.g. ca and CA both work).
- BF BOOT_FAIL
- Job terminated due to launch failure, typically due to a hardware failure (e.g. unable to boot the node or block and the job can not be requeued).
- CA CANCELLED
- Job was explicitly cancelled by the user or system administrator. The job may or may not have been initiated.
- CD COMPLETED
- Job has terminated all processes on all nodes with an exit code of zero.
- CF CONFIGURING
- Job has been allocated resources, but are waiting for them to become ready for use (e.g. booting).
- CG COMPLETING
- Job is in the process of completing. Some processes on some nodes may still be active.
- DL DEADLINE
- Job missed its deadline.
- F FAILED
- Job terminated with non-zero exit code or other failure condition.
- NF NODE_FAIL
- Job terminated due to failure of one or more allocated nodes.
- PD PENDING
- Job is awaiting resource allocation. Note for a job to be selected in this state it must have "EligibleTime" in the requested time interval or different from "Unknown". The "EligibleTime" is displayed by the "scontrol show job" command. For example jobs submitted with the "--hold" option will have "EligibleTime=Unknown" as they are pending indefinitely.
- PR PREEMPTED
- Job terminated due to preemption.
- R RUNNING
- Job currently has an allocation.
- RS RESIZING
- Job is about to change size.
- S SUSPENDED
- Job has an allocation, but execution has been suspended.
- TO TIMEOUT
- Job terminated upon reaching its time limit.
The state_list operand is a comma-separated list of these state
designators. Space characters are not allowed in the
NOTE: When specifying states and no start time is given the default starttime is 'now'. .
- -S, --starttime
Select jobs in any state after the specified time. Default is 00:00:00 of the
current day, unless '-s' is set then the default is 'now'. If states
are given with the '-s' option then only jobs in this state at this
time will be returned.
Valid time formats are...
MMDD[YY] or MM/DD[/YY] or MM.DD[.YY]
- -T, --truncate
Truncate time. So if a job started before --starttime the start time
would be truncated to --starttime. The same for end time and --endtime.
- -u uid_list, --uid=uid_list, --user=user_list
Use this comma separated list of uids or user names to select jobs to
display. By default, the running user's uid is used.
Display values in specified unit type. Takes precedence over --noconvert
Display a command usage summary.
- -v, --verbose
Primarily for debugging purposes, report the state of various
variables during processing.
- -V, --version
- -W wckey_list, --wckeys=wckey_list
Displays the statistics only for the jobs started on the wckeys
specified by the wckey_list operand, which is a comma-separated
list of wckey names. Space characters are not allowed in the
wckey_list. Default is all wckeys.
- -x associd_list, --associations=assoc_list
Displays the statistics only for the jobs running under the
association ids specified by the assoc_list operand, which is a
comma-separated list of association ids. Space characters are not
allowed in the assoc_list. Default is all associations.
- -X, --allocations
Only show cumulative statistics for each job, not the intermediate steps.
Job Accounting FieldsThe following describes each job accounting field:
Print all fields listed below.
Count of allocated CPUs. Equivalent to NCPUS.
Names and counts of generic resources allocated.
Number of nodes allocated to the job/step. 0 if the job is pending.
Trackable resources. These are the resources allocated to the job/step
after the job started running. For pending jobs this should be blank.
For more details see AccountingStorageTRES in slurm.conf.
Account the job ran under.
Reference to the association of user, account and cluster.
Average (system + user) CPU time of all tasks in job.
Average weighted CPU frequency of all tasks in job, in kHz.
Average number of bytes read by all tasks in job.
Average number of bytes written by all tasks in job.
Average number of page faults of all tasks in job.
Average resident set size of all tasks in job.
Average Virtual Memory size of all tasks in job.
Block ID, applicable to BlueGene computers only.
The job's comment string when the AccountingStoreJobComment parameter
in the slurm.conf file is set (or defaults) to YES. The Comment
string can be modified by invoking sacctmgr modify job or the
specialized sjobexitmod command.
Total energy consumed by all tasks in job, in joules.
Note: Only in case of exclusive job allocation this value
reflects the jobs' real energy consumption.
Formatted (Elapsed time * CPU) count used by a job or step.
Unlike above non formatted (Elapsed time * CPU) count for a job or step.
Units are cpu-seconds.
The highest exit code returned by the job's job steps (srun
invocations). Following the colon is the signal that caused the
process to terminate if it was terminated by a signal. The
DerivedExitCode can be modified by invoking sacctmgr modify job
or the specialized sjobexitmod command.
- The jobs elapsed time.
The format of this fields output is as follows:
- as defined by the following:
- as defined by the following:
When the job became eligible to run.
Termination time of the job. Format output is, YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS, unless
changed through the SLURM_TIME_FORMAT environment variable.
The exit code returned by the job script or salloc, typically as set
by the exit() function. Following the colon is the signal that caused
the process to terminate if it was terminated by a signal.
The group identifier of the user who ran the job.
The group name of the user who ran the job.
The number of the job or job step.
It is in the form:
In case of job array print the JobId instead of the ArrayJobId.
For non job arrays the output is the JobId in the format job.jobstep.
The name of the job or job step. The slurm_accounting.log file
is a space delimited file. Because of this if a space is used in the
jobname an underscore is substituted for the space before the record
is written to the accounting file. So when the jobname is displayed
by sacct the jobname that had a space in it will now have an underscore
in place of the space.
What the layout of a step was when it was running. This can be used
to give you an idea of which node ran which rank in your job.
Maximum number of bytes read by all tasks in job.
The node on which the maxdiskread occurred.
The task ID where the maxdiskread occurred.
Maximum number of bytes written by all tasks in job.
The node on which the maxdiskwrite occurred.
The task ID where the maxdiskwrite occurred.
Maximum number of page faults of all tasks in job.
The node on which the maxpages occurred.
The task ID where the maxpages occurred.
Maximum resident set size of all tasks in job.
The node on which the maxrss occurred.
The task ID where the maxrss occurred.
Maximum Virtual Memory size of all tasks in job.
The node on which the maxvmsize occurred.
The task ID where the maxvmsize occurred.
Minimum (system + user) CPU time of all tasks in job.
The node on which the mincpu occurred.
The task ID where the mincpu occurred.
Count of allocated CPUs. Equivalent to AllocCPUS
Total number of CPUs allocated to the job.
List of nodes in job/step.
Number of nodes in a job or step. If the job is running, or ran, this count
will be the number allocated, else the number will be the number requested.
Total number of tasks in a job or step.
Identifies the partition on which the job ran.
Name of Quality of Service.
Id of Quality of Service.
Requested CPU frequency for the step, in kHz.
Note: This value applies only to a job step. No value is reported for the job.
Names and counts of generic resources requested.
Minimum required memory for the job, in MB. A 'c' at the end of
number represents Memory Per CPU, a 'n' represents Memory Per Node.
Note: This value is only from the job allocation, not the step.
Requested minimum Node count for the job/step.
Trackable resources. These are the minimum resource counts requested by the
job/step at submission time.
For more details see AccountingStorageTRES in slurm.conf.
How much wall clock time was used as reserved time for this job. This is
derived from how long a job was waiting from eligible time to when it
Formatted time for how long (cpu secs) a job was reserved for.
Reserved CPUs in second format, not formatted.
Initiation time of the job in the same format as End.
Displays the job status, or state.
Output can be RUNNING, RESIZING, SUSPENDED, COMPLETED, CANCELLED, FAILED, TIMEOUT, PREEMPTED, BOOT_FAIL, DEADLINE or NODE_FAIL. If more information is available on the job state than will fit into the current field width (for example, the uid that CANCELLED a job) the state will be followed by a "+". You can increase the size of the displayed state using the "%NUMBER" format modifier described earlier.
NOTE: The RUNNING state will return suspended jobs as well. In order to print suspended jobs you must request SUSPENDED at a different call from RUNNING.
NOTE: The RUNNING state will return any jobs completed (cancelled or otherwise) in the time period requested as the job was also RUNNING durning that time. If you are only looking for job that finished please choose the appropriate state(s) without the RUNNING state.
The time and date stamp (in Universal Time Coordinated, UTC) the job
was submitted. The format of the output is identical to that of the End
NOTE: If a job is requeued, the submit time is reset. To obtain the original submit time it is necessary to use the -D or --duplicate option to display all duplicate entries for a job.
How long the job was suspended for.
The amount of system CPU time used by the job or job step. The format
of the output is identical to that of the Elapsed field.
NOTE: SystemCPU provides a measure of the task's parent process and does not include CPU time of child processes.
What the timelimit was/is for the job.
The sum of the SystemCPU and UserCPU time used by the job or job step.
The total CPU time of the job may exceed the job's elapsed time for
jobs that include multiple job steps. The format of the output is
identical to that of the Elapsed field.
NOTE: TotalCPU provides a measure of the task's parent process and does not include CPU time of child processes.
The user identifier of the user who ran the job.
The user name of the user who ran the job.
The amount of user CPU time used by the job or job step. The format
of the output is identical to that of the Elapsed field.
NOTE: UserCPU provides a measure of the task's parent process and does not include CPU time of child processes.
Workload Characterization Key. Arbitrary string for grouping orthogonal accounts together.
Reference to the wckey.
Some sacct options may be set via environment variables. These environment variables, along with their corresponding options, are listed below. (Note: Commandline options will always override these settings.)
- The location of the Slurm configuration file.
Specify the format used to report time stamps. A value of standard, the
default value, generates output in the form "year-month-dateThour:minute:second".
A value of relative returns only "hour:minute:second" if the current day.
For other dates in the current year it prints the "hour:minute" preceded by
"Tomorr" (tomorrow), "Ystday" (yesterday), the name of the day for the coming
week (e.g. "Mon", "Tue", etc.), otherwise the date (e.g. "25 Apr").
For other years it returns a date month and year without a time (e.g.
"6 Jun 2012"). All of the time stamps use a 24 hour format.
A valid strftime() format can also be specified. For example, a value of "%a %T" will report the day of the week and a time stamp (e.g. "Mon 12:34:56").
EXAMPLESThis example illustrates the default invocation of the sacct command:
# sacct Jobid Jobname Partition Account AllocCPUS State ExitCode ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- -------- 2 script01 srun acct1 1 RUNNING 0 3 script02 srun acct1 1 RUNNING 0 4 endscript srun acct1 1 RUNNING 0 4.0 srun acct1 1 COMPLETED 0
This example shows the same job accounting information with the brief option.
# sacct --brief Jobid State ExitCode ---------- ---------- -------- 2 RUNNING 0 3 RUNNING 0 4 RUNNING 0 4.0 COMPLETED 0
# sacct --allocations Jobid Jobname Partition Account AllocCPUS State ExitCode ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------- ---------- -------- 3 sja_init andy acct1 1 COMPLETED 0 4 sjaload andy acct1 2 COMPLETED 0 5 sja_scr1 andy acct1 1 COMPLETED 0 6 sja_scr2 andy acct1 18 COMPLETED 2 7 sja_scr3 andy acct1 18 COMPLETED 0 8 sja_scr5 andy acct1 2 COMPLETED 0 9 sja_scr7 andy acct1 90 COMPLETED 1 10 endscript andy acct1 186 COMPLETED 0
This example demonstrates the ability to customize the output of the sacct command. The fields are displayed in the order designated on the command line.
# sacct --format=jobid,elapsed,ncpus,ntasks,state Jobid Elapsed Ncpus Ntasks State ---------- ---------- ---------- -------- ---------- 3 00:01:30 2 1 COMPLETED 3.0 00:01:30 2 1 COMPLETED 4 00:00:00 2 2 COMPLETED 4.0 00:00:01 2 2 COMPLETED 5 00:01:23 2 1 COMPLETED 5.0 00:01:31 2 1 COMPLETED
This example demonstrates the use of the -T (--truncate) option when used with -S (--starttime) and -E (--endtime). When the -T option is used, the start time of the job will be the specified -S value if the job was started before the specified time, otherwise the time will be the job's start time. The end time will be the specified -E option if the job ends after the specified time, otherwise it will be the jobs end time.
NOTE: If no -s (--state) option is given sacct will display jobs that ran during the specified time, otherwise it returns jobs that were in the state requested during that period of time.
Without -T (normal operation) sacct output would be like this.
# sacct -S2014-07-03-11:40 -E2014-07-03-12:00 -X -ojobid,start,end,state JobID Start End State --------- --------------------- -------------------- ------------ 2 2014-07-03T11:33:16 2014-07-03T11:59:01 COMPLETED 3 2014-07-03T11:35:21 Unknown RUNNING 4 2014-07-03T11:35:21 2014-07-03T11:45:21 COMPLETED 5 2014-07-03T11:41:01 Unknown RUNNING
By adding the -T option the job's start and end times are truncated to reflect only the time requested. If a job started after the start time requested or finished before the end time requested those times are not altered. The -T option is useful when determining exact run times during any given period.
# sacct -T -S2014-07-03-11:40 -E2014-07-03-12:00 -X -ojobid,jobname,user,start,end,state JobID Start End State --------- --------------------- -------------------- ------------ 2 2014-07-03T11:40:00 2014-07-03T11:59:01 COMPLETED 3 2014-07-03T11:40:00 2014-07-03T12:00:00 RUNNING 4 2014-07-03T11:40:00 2014-07-03T11:45:21 COMPLETED 5 2014-07-03T11:41:01 2014-07-03T12:00:00 RUNNING
COPYINGCopyright (C) 2005-2007 Copyright Hewlett-Packard Development Company L.P.
Copyright (C) 2008-2010 Lawrence Livermore National Security. Produced at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (cf, DISCLAIMER).
Copyright (C) 2010-2014 SchedMD LLC.
This file is part of Slurm, a resource management program. For details, see <http://slurm.schedmd.com/>.
Slurm is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
Slurm is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
- Entries to this file enable job accounting and designate the job accounting log file that collects system job accounting.
- The default job accounting log file. By default, this file is set to read and write permission for root only.