GNU shtool install(1) command
file [file ...]
This command installs a one or more file
s to a given target path
providing all important options of the BSD install
The trick is that the functionality is provided in a portable way.
The following command line options are available.
- -v, --verbose
Display some processing information.
- -t, --trace
Enable the output of the essential shell commands which are executed.
- -d, --mkdir
To maximize BSD compatiblity, the BSD "shtool "install -d"`` usage is
internally mapped to the ''shtool "mkdir -f -p -m 755"" command.
- -c, --copy
Copy the file to the target path. Default is to move.
- -C, --compare-copy
Same as -c except if the destination file already exists and is
identical to the source file, no installation is done and the target
- -s, --strip
This option strips program executables during the installation, see
strip(1). Default is to install verbatim.
- -m, --mode mode
The file mode applied to the target, see chmod(1). Setting mode to
""-"" skips this step and leaves the operating system default which is
usually based on umask(1). Some file modes require superuser privileges
to be set. Default is 0755.
- -o, --owner owner
The file owner name or id applied to the target, see chown(1). This
option requires superuser privileges to execute. Default is to skip this
step and leave the operating system default which is usually based on
the executing uid or the parent setuid directory.
- -g, --group group
The file group name or id applied to the target, see chgrp(1). This
option requires superuser privileges to execute to the fullest extend,
otherwise the choice of group is limited on most operating systems.
Default is to skip this step and leave the operating system default
which is usually based on the executing gid or the parent setgid
- -e, --exec sed-cmd
This option can be used one or multiple times to apply one or more
sed(1) commands to the file contents during installation.
shtool install -c -s -m 4755 foo $(bindir)/
shtool install -c -m 644 foo.man $(mandir)/man1/foo.1
shtool install -c -m 644 -e "s/@[email protected]/$prefix/g" foo.conf $(etcdir)/
The GNU shtool install
command was originally written by Ralf S.
Engelschall <[email protected]
> in 1997 for GNU shtool
was prompted by portability issues in the installation procedures of