size_t strxfrm(char *restrict s1, const char *restrict
s2, size_t n);
The strxfrm() function shall transform the string pointed to by s2 and place the resulting string into the array pointed to by s1. The transformation is such that if strcmp() is applied to two transformed strings, it shall return a value greater than, equal to, or less than 0, corresponding to the result of strcoll() applied to the same two original strings. No more than n bytes are placed into the resulting array pointed to by s1, including the terminating null byte. If n is 0, s1 is permitted to be a null pointer. If copying takes place between objects that overlap, the behavior is undefined.
The strxfrm() function shall not change the setting of errno if successful.
Since no return value is reserved to indicate an error, an application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to 0, then call strxfrm(), then check errno.
Upon successful completion, strxfrm() shall return the length of the transformed string (not including the terminating null byte). If the value returned is n or more, the contents of the array pointed to by s1 are unspecified.
On error, strxfrm() may set errno but no return value is reserved to indicate an error.
The strxfrm() function may fail if:
The string pointed to by the s2 argument contains characters
outside the domain of the collating sequence.
The following sections are informative.
The transformation function is such that two transformed strings can be ordered by strcmp() as appropriate to collating sequence information in the program's locale (category LC_COLLATE ).
The fact that when n is 0 s1 is permitted to be a null pointer is useful to determine the size of the s1 array prior to making the transformation.
COPYRIGHTPortions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .