Jifty::Manual::AccessControl(3) Using Jifty's default ACL system


Out of the box Jifty-based applications have an ACL system. The system automatically validates ACLs on Jifty::Record objects by calling the method "current_user_can" before any create, read, update, or delete operation. In all cases, the arguments passed to the CRUD operation are passed as extra arguments to "current_user_can".

On "create()", we reject the operation if "current_user_can('create')" returns FALSE.

On "_value()" or "somefieldname", we reject the operation if "current_user_can('read')" returns false.

On "_set()" or "set_somefieldname", we reject the operation if "current_user_can('update')" returns false.

On "delete()", we reject the operation if "current_user_can('delete')" returns false.

Out of the box, "current_user_can" returns 1. When you want to actually check ACLs, you'll need to override "current_user_can()" in your "Jifty::Record" subclass.

It's likely that at some point, you'll decide you want to ask other questions on certain types of operations. Say, you only want to let administrators update the "paid_account" field. In that case, you'd override "check_update_rights()" to look for the "admin" right rather than the "update" right, if the "FIELD" is "paid_account".


To painlessly enable the AccessControl subsystem, a User plugin is available with an authentication plugin, the "Authentication::Password" plugin may get enabled. This is done in the etc/config.yml configuration file.

      - Authentication::Password: {}

Then, create an "App::Model::User" class that will be override with "Jifty::Plugin::User::Mixin::Model::User" and an authentication plugin "Jifty::Plugin::Authentication::Password::Mixin::Model::User" , for example:

    use strict;
    use warnings;
    package App::Model::User;
    use Jifty::DBI::Schema;
    use App::Record schema {
    use Jifty::Plugin::User::Mixin::Model::User;
    use Jifty::Plugin::Authentication::Password::Mixin::Model::User;
    # Your model-specific methods go here.

Next, create the table in your database using the jifty executable like "./bin/jifty schema --setup".

Expanding the Model

The model that manages "User" Records is not limited to the plugin's definition. It can be expanded by providing an additional schema definition. Every column here will be added to the plugin's columns. Simply add a schema definition block like this:

    use Jifty::DBI::Schema;
    use App::Record schema {
        column 'extra_column_name';
        column 'mygroup' =>
               valid_values are qw/admin moderator user/,
               default is 'user';
        # more columns if necessary

The full syntax for defining a schema can be found in Jifty::Manual::Models or in Jifty::DBI::Schema.

If you want to manage an admin group, you must protect the group column as only a superuser can change it. Then, you override "current_user_can" in "App::Model::User"

    sub current_user_can {
        my $self = shift;
        my $type = shift;
        my %args = (@_);
        return 0 
            if ( $type eq 'update'
                and !$self->current_user->is_superuser
                and $args{'column'} eq 'mygroup' ); 
        return 1;

Defining a method "_init" in your "App::CurrentUser" class gives you a chance to add more data to the "CurrentUser" object. This method will automatically get called after the Plugin's "_init" is done.

    package App::CurrentUser;
    use strict;
    use warnings;
    use base qw(Jifty::CurrentUser);
    sub _init {
        my $self = shift;
        my %args = (@_);
        if (keys %args) {
            $self->user_object(App::Model::User->new(current_user => $self));
            if ( $self->user_object->mygroup eq 'admin') {

With your "App::CurrentUser", users in group admin are superuser and you can use "Jifty->web->current_user->group" in your application.

Templates defined by the Authentication::Password plugin

To avoid the need for repetitive work, the "Authentication::Password" plugin already defines a couple of usable templates:
provides a login screen with a signup option. After successful login, the current continuation is called. If no continuation exists, the template sitting at the base URL (/) is called.
logs out the current user.
allows a user to sign up himself/herself. By default a confirmation mail is sent out that has to get followed by the user.
after entering his/her mail address, the user will receive a mail that contains a link to /let/reset_lost_password.
is called in the mail and results in accepting the user.
enabled by the /passwordreminder template, this template allows a user to reenter a password for future use.

Doing checks at other places in your code

If you need to check more than Model-based record operations you will have to do some coding on your own. "Jifty->web->current_user" provides a "App::CurrentUser" object that can get queried about the current user. This object provides some convenience methods:
returns the name of the current user or "undef" if not logged in.
returns the id of the current user or "undef" if not logged in.