networkctl(1) Query the status of network links


networkctl [OPTIONS...] COMMAND [LINK...]



may be used to introspect the state of the network links as seen by systemd-networkd. Please refer to systemd-networkd.service(8) for an introduction to the basic concepts, functionality, and configuration syntax.


The following options are understood:

-a --all

Show all links with status.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.


Print a short version string and exit.


Do not print the legend, i.e. column headers and the footer with hints.


Do not pipe output into a pager.


The following commands are understood:

list [LINK...]

Show a list of existing links and their status. If no further arguments are specified shows all links, otherwise just the specified links. Produces output similar to:

  1 lo           loopback carrier     unmanaged
  2 eth0         ether    routable    configured
  3 virbr0       ether    no-carrier  unmanaged
  4 virbr0-nic   ether    off         unmanaged
4 links listed.

status [LINK...]

Show information about the specified links: type, state, kernel module driver, hardware and IP address, configured DNS servers, etc.

When no links are specified, an overall network status is shown. Also see the option --all.

Produces output similar to:

‚óŹ      State: routable
     Address: on eth0
     on virbr0
     on eth0
              fe80::5054:aa:bbbb:cccc on eth0
     Gateway: (CISCO SYSTEMS, INC.) on eth0

lldp [LINK...]

Show discovered LLDP (Link Layer Discovery Protocol) neighbors. If one or more link names are specified only neighbors on those interfaces are shown. Otherwise shows discovered neighbors on all interfaces. Note that for this feature to work, LLDP= must be turned on on the specific interface, see for details.

Produces output similar to:

LINK             CHASSIS ID        SYSTEM NAME      CAPS        PORT ID           PORT DESCRIPTION
enp0s25          00:e0:4c:00:00:00 GS1900           ..b........ 2                 Port #2
Capability Flags:
o - Other; p - Repeater;  b - Bridge; w - WLAN Access Point; r - Router;
t - Telephone; d - DOCSIS cable device; a - Station; c - Customer VLAN;
s - Service VLAN, m - Two-port MAC Relay (TPMR)
1 neighbors listed.


On success, 0 is returned, a non-zero failure code otherwise.