General EE deviceEE [.]XXXXXXXXXXXX[XX][/[ temperature | version | type_number | temperature_offset | address | crc8 | id | locator | r_address | r_id | r_locator | type ]]
UVI sensorEE [.]XXXXXXXXXXXX[XX][/[ UVI/UVI | UVI/UVI_offset | UVI/in_case | UVI/valid | temperature | version | type_number | temperature_offset ]]
General EF deviceEF [.]XXXXXXXXXXXX[XX][/[ version | type_number | address | crc8 | id | locator | r_address | r_id | r_locator | type ]]
moisture/is_moisture.[0-3|ALL|BYTE] | moisture/is_leaf.[0-3|ALL|BYTE]
moisture/calibrate/min | moisture/calibrate/max | moisture/calibrate/raw.[0-4|ALL]
Hubhub/branch.[0-3|ALL|BYTE] | hub/short.[0-3|ALL|BYTE]
- Device with temperature
- Device without temperature
- Moisture Meter
temperatureread-only, floating point
Temperature read every 30 seconds. Resolution .5C (uses an on-board DS18B20). Temperature is only present in the EE-series devices.
temperature_offsetread-write, floating point
Offset stored on device to apply to temperature readings.
UVI/UVIread-only floating point
UV Index (ultraviolet index) in the range 0.0 to 16.0 resolution .1
Only the UVI version of the EE device has a UVI sensor. Readings made every .5 seconds.
UVI/UVI_offsetread-write, floating point
Signed offset to apply to the UVI measurement. Stored on-device non-volatile.
Flag to apply compensation for the protective case. Stored on-device non-volatile.
UVI/validread-only, yes-no Flag the the EE device type matches the known UVI type.
moisture/sensor.0 .. moisture/sensor.3 moisture/sensor.ALLread-only integer
Up to 4 sensors reading moisture can be attached. OWFS addresses the sensors as 0 through 3 while the datasheet uses 1-4. Two types of external sensors are supported (and the data range):
- Watermark Soil Moisture Sensor
- Leaf Wetness Sensor
moisture/is_moisture.0 .. moisture/is_moisture.3 moisture/is_moisture.ALL
moisture/is_leaf.0 .. moisture/is_leaf.3 moisture/is_leaf.ALLread-write yes_no
Set or get the type of sensor attached to each channel. Note that OWFS addresses the sensors as 0 through 3 while the datasheet uses 1-4. Two types of external sensors are supported:
- Watermark Soil Moisture
- Leaf Wetness
Note that is_leaf and is_moisture are complementary and clearing one sets the other.
moisture/calibrate/maxread-write unsigned integer
Set or get the upper and lower range for the raw data for leaf wetness scaling. See the datasheet for details.
moisture/calibrate/raw.0 .. moisture/calibrate/raw.3 moisture/calibrate/raw.ALLread-only unsigned integer
Read the raw leaf wetness values for setting scaling. See the datasheet for details. Note that OWFS addresses the sensors as 0 through 3 while the datasheet uses 1-4.
Hub4-channel hub. Individual branches can be switched on and off.
hub/branch.0 .. hub/branch.3 hub/branch.ALL hub/branch.BYTEread-write, yes-no
The HobbyBoards hub has four 1-wire bus lines. Each branch is electricaly isolated from reflections and shorts, and can be optionally excluded from the 1-wire network.
You can turn each branch on or off by writing 0 (off) or 1 (on) to the corresponding property. Note that OWFS indexes the branches 0 to 3 while the datasheet uses 1 to 4.
The easiest way to turn all the branches on is to write 15 (0x0F) to hub/branch.BYTE
hub/short.0 .. hub/short.3 hub/short.ALL hub/short.BYTEread-only, yes-no
Is the corresponding branch in "short" condition? (Electrically shorted out).
Firmware version for the EE/EF device. Reported in nn.nn format where nn is major/minor decimal value.
Note: This format was changed as of version owfs-2.9p6 at the request of the HobbyBoards. Formerly reported in HH.HH format where HH is a hex digit (0-9A-F).
Index of the type of sensor built into this device. Current known assignments:
- UVI (Ultraviolet index)
- Moisture meter
- Moisture meter with datalogger
The entire 64-bit unique ID. Given as upper case hexadecimal digits (0-9A-F).
address starts with the family code
r address is the address in reverse order, which is often used in other applications and labeling.
The 8-bit error correction portion. Uses cyclic redundancy check. Computed from the preceding 56 bits of the unique ID number. Given as upper case hexadecimal digits (0-9A-F).
The 8-bit family code. Unique to each type of device. Given as upper case hexadecimal digits (0-9A-F).
The 48-bit middle portion of the unique ID number. Does not include the family code or CRC. Given as upper case hexadecimal digits (0-9A-F).
r id is the id in reverse order, which is often used in other applications and labeling.
Uses an extension of the 1-wire design from iButtonLink company that associated 1-wire physical connections with a unique 1-wire code. If the connection is behind a Link Locator the locator will show a unique 8-byte number (16 character hexadecimal) starting with family code FE.
If no Link Locator is between the device and the master, the locator field will be all FF.
r locator is the locator in reverse order.
present (DEPRECATED)read-only, yes-no
Is the device currently present on the 1-wire bus?
Part name assigned by Dallas Semi. E.g. DS2401 Alternative packaging (iButton vs chip) will not be distiguished.
1-Wire1-wire is a wiring protocol and series of devices designed and manufactured by Dallas Semiconductor, Inc. The bus is a low-power low-speed low-connector scheme where the data line can also provide power.
Each device is uniquely and unalterably numbered during manufacture. There are a wide variety of devices, including memory, sensors (humidity, temperature, voltage, contact, current), switches, timers and data loggers. More complex devices (like thermocouple sensors) can be built with these basic devices. There are also 1-wire devices that have encryption included.
The 1-wire scheme uses a single bus master and multiple slaves on the same wire. The bus master initiates all communication. The slaves can be individually discovered and addressed using their unique ID.
Bus masters come in a variety of configurations including serial, parallel, i2c, network or USB adapters.
OWFS designOWFS is a suite of programs that designed to make the 1-wire bus and its devices easily accessible. The underlying principle is to create a virtual filesystem, with the unique ID being the directory, and the individual properties of the device are represented as simple files that can be read and written.
Details of the individual slave or master design are hidden behind a consistent interface. The goal is to provide an easy set of tools for a software designer to create monitoring or control applications. There are some performance enhancements in the implementation, including data caching, parallel access to bus masters, and aggregation of device communication. Still the fundemental goal has been ease of use, flexibility and correctness rather than speed.
EE / EFThe EEEF (3) are a reference platform of microprocessor based 1-wire slaves. In general they require external power, and have an on-board index for the specific capabilities. They are designed by Eric Vickery at HobbyBoards.com
The EE class device uses family code EE and has an included temperature sensor. The EF devices have no temperature sensor,
UVIThe UVI sensor is an implementation of the EE class device with Ultra Violet Index sensing. All it's specific properties are in the UVI/ directory.
ADDRESSINGAll 1-wire devices are factory assigned a unique 64-bit address. This address is of the form:
- Family Code
- 8 bits
- 48 bits
- 8 bits
Addressing under OWFS is in hexadecimal, of form:
where 01 is an example 8-bit family code, and 12345678ABC is an example 48 bit address.
The dot is optional, and the CRC code can included. If included, it must be correct.
Programsowfs (1) owhttpd (1) owftpd (1) owserver (1) owdir (1) owread (1) owwrite (1) owpresent (1) owtap (1)
Configuration and testingowfs (5) owtap (1) owmon (1)
Language bindingsowtcl (3) owperl (3) owcapi (3)
ClocksDS1427 (3) DS1904(3) DS1994 (3) DS2404 (3) DS2404S (3) DS2415 (3) DS2417 (3)
IDDS2401 (3) DS2411 (3) DS1990A (3)
MemoryDS1982 (3) DS1985 (3) DS1986 (3) DS1991 (3) DS1992 (3) DS1993 (3) DS1995 (3) DS1996 (3) DS2430A (3) DS2431 (3) DS2433 (3) DS2502 (3) DS2506 (3) DS28E04 (3) DS28EC20 (3)
SwitchesDS2405 (3) DS2406 (3) DS2408 (3) DS2409 (3) DS2413 (3) DS28EA00 (3)
TemperatureDS1822 (3) DS1825 (3) DS1820 (3) DS18B20 (3) DS18S20 (3) DS1920 (3) DS1921 (3) DS1821 (3) DS28EA00 (3) DS28E04 (3) EDS0064 (3) EDS0065 (3) EDS0066 (3) EDS0067 (3) EDS0068 (3) EDS0071 (3) EDS0072 (3) MAX31826 (3)
HumidityDS1922 (3) DS2438 (3) EDS0065 (3) EDS0068 (3)
Multifunction (current, voltage, temperature)DS2436 (3) DS2437 (3) DS2438 (3) DS2751 (3) DS2755 (3) DS2756 (3) DS2760 (3) DS2770 (3) DS2780 (3) DS2781 (3) DS2788 (3) DS2784 (3)
LCD ScreenLCD (3) DS2408 (3)
PressureDS2406 (3) TAI8570 EDS0066 (3) EDS0068 (3)
MoistureEEEF (3) DS2438 (3)
AUTHORPaul Alfille ([email protected])