Other Alias
atanh, atanhlSYNOPSIS
#include <math.h>
double atanh(double x);
float atanhf(float x);
long double atanhl(long double x);
DESCRIPTION
These functions shall compute the inverse hyperbolic tangent of their argument x.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.
RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the inverse hyperbolic tangent of their argument.
If x is ±1, a pole error shall occur, and atanh(), atanhf(), and atanhl() shall return the value of the macro HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, and HUGE_VALL, respectively, with the same sign as the correct value of the function.
For finite |x|>1, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±0, x shall be returned.
If x is ±Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.
If x is subnormal, a range error may occur and x should be returned.
ERRORS
These functions shall fail if:
- Domain Error
- The x argument is finite and not in the range [-1,1], or is ±Inf.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.
- Pole Error
- The x argument is ±1.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the divide-by-zero floating-point exception shall be raised.
These functions may fail if:
- Range Error
- The value of x is subnormal.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the underflow floating-point exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
EXAMPLES
None.
APPLICATION USAGE
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.
RATIONALE
None.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None.
COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .