## Module

Module Bigarray.Genarray## Documentation

Module
**Genarray**

:
**sig end**

*type *
**('a, 'b, 'c)**
*t *

The type
**Genarray.t**
is the type of big arrays with variable
numbers of dimensions. Any number of dimensions between 1 and 16
is supported.

The three type parameters to
**Genarray.t**
identify the array element
kind and layout, as follows:

-the first parameter,
**'a**
, is the OCaml type for accessing array
elements (
**float**
,
**int**
,
**int32**
,
**int64**
,
**nativeint**
);

-the second parameter,
**'b**
, is the actual kind of array elements
(
**float32_elt**
,
**float64_elt**
,
**int8_signed_elt**
,
**int8_unsigned_elt**
,
etc);

-the third parameter,
**'c**
, identifies the array layout
(
**c_layout**
or
**fortran_layout**
).

For instance,
**(float, float32_elt, fortran_layout) Genarray.t**
is the type of generic big arrays containing 32-bit floats
in Fortran layout; reads and writes in this array use the
OCaml type
**float**
.

*val create *
:
**('a, 'b) Bigarray.kind ->**
**'c Bigarray.layout -> int array -> ('a, 'b, 'c) t**

**Genarray.create kind layout dimensions**
returns a new big array
whose element kind is determined by the parameter
**kind**
(one of
**float32**
,
**float64**
,
**int8_signed**
, etc) and whose layout is
determined by the parameter
**layout**
(one of
**c_layout**
or
**fortran_layout**
). The
**dimensions**
parameter is an array of
integers that indicate the size of the big array in each dimension.
The length of
**dimensions**
determines the number of dimensions
of the bigarray.

For instance,
**Genarray.create int32 c_layout [|4;6;8|]**
returns a fresh big array of 32-bit integers, in C layout,
having three dimensions, the three dimensions being 4, 6 and 8
respectively.

Big arrays returned by
**Genarray.create**
are not initialized:
the initial values of array elements is unspecified.

**Genarray.create**
raises
**Invalid_argument**
if the number of dimensions
is not in the range 1 to 16 inclusive, or if one of the dimensions
is negative.

*val num_dims *
:
**('a, 'b, 'c) t -> int**

Return the number of dimensions of the given big array.

*val dims *
:
**('a, 'b, 'c) t -> int array**

**Genarray.dims a**
returns all dimensions of the big array
**a**
,
as an array of integers of length
**Genarray.num_dims a**
.

*val nth_dim *
:
**('a, 'b, 'c) t -> int -> int**

**Genarray.nth_dim a n**
returns the
**n**
-th dimension of the
big array
**a**
. The first dimension corresponds to
**n = 0**
;
the second dimension corresponds to
**n = 1**
; the last dimension,
to
**n = Genarray.num_dims a - 1**
.
Raise
**Invalid_argument**
if
**n**
is less than 0 or greater or equal than
**Genarray.num_dims a**
.

*val kind *
:
**('a, 'b, 'c) t -> ('a, 'b) Bigarray.kind**

Return the kind of the given big array.

*val layout *
:
**('a, 'b, 'c) t -> 'c Bigarray.layout**

Return the layout of the given big array.

*val get *
:
**('a, 'b, 'c) t -> int array -> 'a**

Read an element of a generic big array.
**Genarray.get a [|i1; ...; iN|]**
returns the element of
**a**
whose coordinates are
**i1**
in the first dimension,
**i2**
in
the second dimension, ...,
**iN**
in the
**N**
-th dimension.

If
**a**
has C layout, the coordinates must be greater or equal than 0
and strictly less than the corresponding dimensions of
**a**
.
If
**a**
has Fortran layout, the coordinates must be greater or equal
than 1 and less or equal than the corresponding dimensions of
**a**
.
Raise
**Invalid_argument**
if the array
**a**
does not have exactly
**N**
dimensions, or if the coordinates are outside the array bounds.

If
**N > 3**
, alternate syntax is provided: you can write
**a.{i1, i2, ..., iN}**
instead of
**Genarray.get a [|i1; ...; iN|]**
.
(The syntax
**a.{...}**
with one, two or three coordinates is
reserved for accessing one-, two- and three-dimensional arrays
as described below.)

*val set *
:
**('a, 'b, 'c) t -> int array -> 'a -> unit**

Assign an element of a generic big array.
**Genarray.set a [|i1; ...; iN|] v**
stores the value
**v**
in the
element of
**a**
whose coordinates are
**i1**
in the first dimension,
**i2**
in the second dimension, ...,
**iN**
in the
**N**
-th dimension.

The array
**a**
must have exactly
**N**
dimensions, and all coordinates
must lie inside the array bounds, as described for
**Genarray.get**
;
otherwise,
**Invalid_argument**
is raised.

If
**N > 3**
, alternate syntax is provided: you can write
**a.{i1, i2, ..., iN} <- v**
instead of
**Genarray.set a [|i1; ...; iN|] v**
.
(The syntax
**a.{...} <- v**
with one, two or three coordinates is
reserved for updating one-, two- and three-dimensional arrays
as described below.)

*val sub_left *
:
**('a, 'b, Bigarray.c_layout) t ->**
**int -> int -> ('a, 'b, Bigarray.c_layout) t**

Extract a sub-array of the given big array by restricting the
first (left-most) dimension.
**Genarray.sub_left a ofs len**
returns a big array with the same number of dimensions as
**a**
,
and the same dimensions as
**a**
, except the first dimension,
which corresponds to the interval
**[ofs ... ofs + len - 1]**
of the first dimension of
**a**
. No copying of elements is
involved: the sub-array and the original array share the same
storage space. In other terms, the element at coordinates
**[|i1; ...; iN|]**
of the sub-array is identical to the
element at coordinates
**[|i1+ofs; ...; iN|]**
of the original
array
**a**
.

**Genarray.sub_left**
applies only to big arrays in C layout.
Raise
**Invalid_argument**
if
**ofs**
and
**len**
do not designate
a valid sub-array of
**a**
, that is, if
**ofs < 0**
, or
**len < 0**
,
or
**ofs + len > Genarray.nth_dim a 0**
.

*val sub_right *
:
**('a, 'b, Bigarray.fortran_layout) t ->**
**int -> int -> ('a, 'b, Bigarray.fortran_layout) t**

Extract a sub-array of the given big array by restricting the
last (right-most) dimension.
**Genarray.sub_right a ofs len**
returns a big array with the same number of dimensions as
**a**
,
and the same dimensions as
**a**
, except the last dimension,
which corresponds to the interval
**[ofs ... ofs + len - 1]**
of the last dimension of
**a**
. No copying of elements is
involved: the sub-array and the original array share the same
storage space. In other terms, the element at coordinates
**[|i1; ...; iN|]**
of the sub-array is identical to the
element at coordinates
**[|i1; ...; iN+ofs|]**
of the original
array
**a**
.

**Genarray.sub_right**
applies only to big arrays in Fortran layout.
Raise
**Invalid_argument**
if
**ofs**
and
**len**
do not designate
a valid sub-array of
**a**
, that is, if
**ofs < 1**
, or
**len < 0**
,
or
**ofs + len > Genarray.nth_dim a (Genarray.num_dims a - 1)**
.

*val slice_left *
:
**('a, 'b, Bigarray.c_layout) t ->**
**int array -> ('a, 'b, Bigarray.c_layout) t**

Extract a sub-array of lower dimension from the given big array
by fixing one or several of the first (left-most) coordinates.
**Genarray.slice_left a [|i1; ... ; iM|]**
returns the 'slice'
of
**a**
obtained by setting the first
**M**
coordinates to
**i1**
, ...,
**iM**
. If
**a**
has
**N**
dimensions, the slice has
dimension
**N - M**
, and the element at coordinates
**[|j1; ...; j(N-M)|]**
in the slice is identical to the element
at coordinates
**[|i1; ...; iM; j1; ...; j(N-M)|]**
in the original
array
**a**
. No copying of elements is involved: the slice and
the original array share the same storage space.

**Genarray.slice_left**
applies only to big arrays in C layout.
Raise
**Invalid_argument**
if
**M >= N**
, or if
**[|i1; ... ; iM|]**
is outside the bounds of
**a**
.

*val slice_right *
:
**('a, 'b, Bigarray.fortran_layout) t ->**
**int array -> ('a, 'b, Bigarray.fortran_layout) t**

Extract a sub-array of lower dimension from the given big array
by fixing one or several of the last (right-most) coordinates.
**Genarray.slice_right a [|i1; ... ; iM|]**
returns the 'slice'
of
**a**
obtained by setting the last
**M**
coordinates to
**i1**
, ...,
**iM**
. If
**a**
has
**N**
dimensions, the slice has
dimension
**N - M**
, and the element at coordinates
**[|j1; ...; j(N-M)|]**
in the slice is identical to the element
at coordinates
**[|j1; ...; j(N-M); i1; ...; iM|]**
in the original
array
**a**
. No copying of elements is involved: the slice and
the original array share the same storage space.

**Genarray.slice_right**
applies only to big arrays in Fortran layout.
Raise
**Invalid_argument**
if
**M >= N**
, or if
**[|i1; ... ; iM|]**
is outside the bounds of
**a**
.

*val blit *
:
**('a, 'b, 'c) t -> ('a, 'b, 'c) t -> unit**

Copy all elements of a big array in another big array.
**Genarray.blit src dst**
copies all elements of
**src**
into
**dst**
. Both arrays
**src**
and
**dst**
must have the same number of
dimensions and equal dimensions. Copying a sub-array of
**src**
to a sub-array of
**dst**
can be achieved by applying
**Genarray.blit**
to sub-array or slices of
**src**
and
**dst**
.

*val fill *
:
**('a, 'b, 'c) t -> 'a -> unit**

Set all elements of a big array to a given value.
**Genarray.fill a v**
stores the value
**v**
in all elements of
the big array
**a**
. Setting only some elements of
**a**
to
**v**
can be achieved by applying
**Genarray.fill**
to a sub-array
or a slice of
**a**
.

*val map_file *
:
**Unix.file_descr ->**
**?pos:int64 ->**
**('a, 'b) Bigarray.kind ->**
**'c Bigarray.layout -> bool -> int array -> ('a, 'b, 'c) t**

Memory mapping of a file as a big array.
**Genarray.map_file fd kind layout shared dims**
returns a big array of kind
**kind**
, layout
**layout**
,
and dimensions as specified in
**dims**
. The data contained in
this big array are the contents of the file referred to by
the file descriptor
**fd**
(as opened previously with
**Unix.openfile**
, for example). The optional
**pos**
parameter
is the byte offset in the file of the data being mapped;
it defaults to 0 (map from the beginning of the file).

If
**shared**
is
**true**
, all modifications performed on the array
are reflected in the file. This requires that
**fd**
be opened
with write permissions. If
**shared**
is
**false**
, modifications
performed on the array are done in memory only, using
copy-on-write of the modified pages; the underlying file is not
affected.

**Genarray.map_file**
is much more efficient than reading
the whole file in a big array, modifying that big array,
and writing it afterwards.

To adjust automatically the dimensions of the big array to
the actual size of the file, the major dimension (that is,
the first dimension for an array with C layout, and the last
dimension for an array with Fortran layout) can be given as
**-1**
.
**Genarray.map_file**
then determines the major dimension
from the size of the file. The file must contain an integral
number of sub-arrays as determined by the non-major dimensions,
otherwise
**Failure**
is raised.

If all dimensions of the big array are given, the file size is
matched against the size of the big array. If the file is larger
than the big array, only the initial portion of the file is
mapped to the big array. If the file is smaller than the big
array, the file is automatically grown to the size of the big array.
This requires write permissions on
**fd**
.

Array accesses are bounds-checked, but the bounds are determined by
the initial call to
**map_file**
. Therefore, you should make sure no
other process modifies the mapped file while you're accessing it,
or a SIGBUS signal may be raised. This happens, for instance, if the
file is shrunk.

This function raises
**Sys_error**
in the case of any errors from the
underlying system calls.
**Invalid_argument**
or
**Failure**
may be
raised in cases where argument validation fails.