SYNOPSIS
 SUBROUTINE CGEHRD(
 N, ILO, IHI, A, LDA, TAU, WORK, LWORK, INFO )
 INTEGER IHI, ILO, INFO, LDA, LWORK, N
 COMPLEX A( LDA, * ), TAU( * ), WORK( * )
PURPOSE
CGEHRD reduces a complex general matrix A to upper Hessenberg form H by an unitary similarity transformation: Q' * A * Q = H .ARGUMENTS
 N (input) INTEGER
 The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.
 ILO (input) INTEGER
 IHI (input) INTEGER It is assumed that A is already upper triangular in rows and columns 1:ILO1 and IHI+1:N. ILO and IHI are normally set by a previous call to CGEBAL; otherwise they should be set to 1 and N respectively. See Further Details.
 A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N)
 On entry, the NbyN general matrix to be reduced. On exit, the upper triangle and the first subdiagonal of A are overwritten with the upper Hessenberg matrix H, and the elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors. See Further Details. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).
 TAU (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N1)
 The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors (see Further Details). Elements 1:ILO1 and IHI:N1 of TAU are set to zero.
 WORK (workspace/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LWORK)
 On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.
 LWORK (input) INTEGER
 The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,N). For optimum performance LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the optimal blocksize. If LWORK = 1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.
 INFO (output) INTEGER

= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = i, the ith argument had an illegal value.
FURTHER DETAILS
The matrix Q is represented as a product of (ihiilo) elementary reflectorsQ = H(ilo) H(ilo+1) . . . H(ihi1).
Each H(i) has the form
H(i) = I  tau * v * v'
where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1 and v(ihi+1:n) = 0; v(i+2:ihi) is stored on exit in A(i+2:ihi,i), and tau in TAU(i).
The contents of A are illustrated by the following example, with n = 7, ilo = 2 and ihi = 6:
on entry, on exit,
( a a a a a a a ) ( a a h h h h a ) ( a a a a a a ) ( a h h h h a ) ( a a a a a a ) ( h h h h h h ) ( a a a a a a ) ( v2 h h h h h ) ( a a a a a a ) ( v2 v3 h h h h ) ( a a a a a a ) ( v2 v3 v4 h h h ) ( a ) ( a ) where a denotes an element of the original matrix A, h denotes a modified element of the upper Hessenberg matrix H, and vi denotes an element of the vector defining H(i).
This file is a slight modification of LAPACK3.0's CGEHRD subroutine incorporating improvements proposed by QuintanaOrti and Van de Geijn (2005).