dggath(1) convert distributed source graphs to or from centralized ones

Other Alias

dgscat, gscat


dggath [options] [igfile] [ogfile]
dgscat [options] [igfile] [ogfile]
gscat [options] [igfile] [ogfile]


The dggath program gathers distributed graphs into centralized graphs. It reads a set of files igfile representing fragments of a distributed source graph, and writes them back on the form of a single centralized source graph ogfile.

The dgscat program scatters centralized source graphs into distributed graphs. It reads a centralized source graph igfile and writes it back on the form of a set of files ogfile representing fragments of the corresponding distributed source graph.

The gscat program does exactly the same as dgscat, but does not require to be run in a parallel environment. Since gscat processes the input centralized graph file as a text stream, it does not need to load the full graph in memory before building the distributed graph fragment files. It is therefore much less resource consuming, but does not allow for the checking of graph consistency, as it has no global vision of the graph structure.

When file names are not specified, data is read from standard input and written to standard output. Standard streams can also be explicitly represented by a dash '-'.

When the proper libraries have been included at compile time, dggath and dgscat can directly handle compressed graphs, both as input and output. A stream is treated as compressed whenever its name is postfixed with a compressed file extension, such as in 'brol.grf.bz2' or '-.gz'. The compression formats which can be supported are the bzip2 format ('.bz2'), the gzip format ('.gz'), and the lzma format ('.lzma', on input only).

dggath and dgscat base on implementations of the MPI interface to spread work across the processing elements. It is therefore not likely to be run directly, but instead through some launcher command such as mpirun.


In order to tell whether programs should read from, or write to, a single file located on only one processor, or to multiple instances of the same file on all of the processors, or else to distinct files on each of the processors, a special grammar has been designed, which is based on the '%' escape character. Four such escape sequences are defined, which are interpreted independently on every processor, prior to file opening. By default, when a filename is provided, it is assumed that the file is to be opened on only one of the processors, called the root processor, which is usually process 0 of the communicator within which the program is run. The index of the root processor can be changed by means of the -r option. Using any of the first three escape sequences below will instruct programs to open in parallel a file of name equal to the interpreted filename, on every processor on which they are run.
Replaced by the number of processes in the global communicator in which the program is run. Leads to parallel opening.
Replaced on each process running the program by the rank of this process in the global communicator. Leads to parallel opening.
Discarded, but leads to parallel opening. This sequence is mainly used to instruct programs to open on every processor a file of identical name. The opened files can be, according whether the given path leads to a shared directory or to directories that are local to each processor, either to the opening of multiple instances of the same file, or to the opening of distinct files which may each have a different content, respectively (but in this latter case it is much recommended to identify files by means of the '%r' sequence).
Replaced by a single '%' character. File names using this escape sequence are not considered for parallel opening, unless one or several of the three other escape sequences are also present.

For instance, filename 'brol' will lead to the opening of file 'brol' on the root processor only, filename '%-brol' (or even 'br%-ol') will lead to the parallel opening of files called 'brol' on every processor, and filename 'brol%p-%r' will lead to the opening of files 'brol2-0' and 'brol2-1', respectively, on each of the two processors on which the program were to run.


For dggath and dgscat only. Check the consistency of the input source graph after loading it into memory.
Display some help.
Set root process for centralized files (default is 0).
Display program version and copyright.


Run dgscat on 5 processing elements to scatter centralized graph file brol.grf into 5 gzipped file fragments brol5-0.dgr.gz to brol5-4.dgr.gz.

    $ mpirun -np 5 dgscat brol.grf brol%p-%r.dgr.gz


Francois Pellegrini <[email protected]>