doveadm(1) Dovecot's administration utility


doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] command [command_options] [command_arguments]


doveadm is the Dovecot administration tool. It can be used to manage various parts of Dovecot, as well as access users' mailboxes.
Execute doveadm help, for a command usage listing.


Global doveadm(1) options:
Enables verbosity and debug messages.
-f formatter
Specifies the formatter for formatting the output. Supported formatters are:
prints each line with key=value pairs.
prints each keyvalue pair on its own line and separates records with form feed character (^L).
prints a table header followed by tab separated value lines.
prints a table header followed by adjusted value lines.
-o setting=value
Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb with the given value. In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.
Enables verbosity, including progress counter.


These commands work directly with Dovecot's master process.


doveadm reload

Force dovecot(1) to reload the configuration.


doveadm stop

Stop dovecot(1) and all its child processes.


doveadm director
doveadm-director(1), Manage Dovecot directors (if used by proxy servers).
doveadm exec
doveadm-exec(1), Easily execute commands from Dovecot's libexec_dir.
doveadm instance
doveadm-instance(1), Manage the list of running Dovecot instances.
doveadm kick
doveadm-kick(1), Disconnect users by user name and/or IP address.
doveadm log
doveadm-log(1), Locate, test or reopen Dovecot's log files.
doveadm mount
doveadm-mount(1), Manage the list of mountpoints where mails are stored.
doveadm penalty
doveadm-penalty(1), Show current penalties.
doveadm proxy
doveadm-proxy(1), Handle Dovecot proxy connections.
doveadm who
doveadm-who(1); Show who is logged in to the Dovecot server.


doveadm auth
doveadm-auth(1), Test authentication for a user.
doveadm pw
doveadm-pw(1), Dovecot's password hash generator.
doveadm user
doveadm-user(1), Perform a user lookup in Dovecot's userdbs


doveadm acl
doveadm-acl(1), Manage Access Control List (ACL).
doveadm altmove
doveadm-altmove(1), Move matching mails to the alternative storage.
doveadm backup
doveadm-backup(1), Dovecot's one-way mailbox synchronization utility.
doveadm batch
doveadm-batch(1), Execute multiple commands for multiple users.
doveadm copy
doveadm-copy(1), Copy messages matching the given search query into another mailbox.
doveadm deduplicate
doveadm-deduplicate(1), Expunge duplicate messages.
doveadm dump
doveadm-dump(1), Dump the content of Dovecot's binary mailbox index/log.
doveadm expunge
doveadm-expunge(1), Expunge messages matching given search query.
doveadm fetch
doveadm-fetch(1), Fetch messages matching given search query.
doveadm flags
doveadm-flags(1), Add, remove or replace messages' flags.
doveadm fts
doveadm-fts(1), Manipulate the Full Text Search (FTS) index.
doveadm force-resync
doveadm-force-resync(1), Repair broken mailboxes, in case Dovecot doesn't automatically do that.
doveadm import
doveadm-import(1), Import messages matching given search query.
doveadm index
doveadm-index(1), Index messages in a given mailbox.
doveadm mailbox
doveadm-mailbox(1), Various commands related to handling mailboxes.
doveadm move
doveadm-move(1) Move messages matching the given search query into another mailbox.
doveadm purge
doveadm-purge(1) Remove messages with refcount=0 from mdbox files.
doveadm quota
doveadm-quota(1), Initialize/recalculate or show current quota usage.
doveadm replicator
doveadm-replicator(1), Manage users' mail replicaton.
doveadm stats
doveadm-stats(1), Inspect or reset stats.
doveadm sync
doveadm-sync(1), Dovecot's two-way mailbox synchronization utility.
doveadm search
doveadm-search(1), Show a list of mailbox GUIDs and message UIDs matching given search query.


doveadm will exit with one of the following values:
Selected command was executed successful.
Command failed in some way.


This environment variable is used to determine the user if a command accepts a user but none was specified.


Dovecot's main configuration file.
Mailbox locations and namespaces.
Plugin specific settings.


Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <[email protected]>. Information about reporting bugs is available at: