DTPRFS(3) provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution to a system of linear equations with a triangular packed coefficient matrix

## SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE DTPRFS(
UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, NRHS, AP, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, IWORK, INFO )

CHARACTER DIAG, TRANS, UPLO

INTEGER INFO, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS

INTEGER IWORK( * )

DOUBLE PRECISION AP( * ), B( LDB, * ), BERR( * ), FERR( * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * )

## PURPOSE

DTPRFS provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution to a system of linear equations with a triangular packed coefficient matrix. The solution matrix X must be computed by DTPTRS or some other means before entering this routine. DTPRFS does not do iterative refinement because doing so cannot improve the backward error.

## ARGUMENTS

UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1
= 'U': A is upper triangular;
= 'L': A is lower triangular.
TRANS (input) CHARACTER*1

Specifies the form of the system of equations:
= 'N': A * X = B (No transpose)
= 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose)
= 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose = Transpose)
DIAG (input) CHARACTER*1

= 'N': A is non-unit triangular;
= 'U': A is unit triangular.
N (input) INTEGER
The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.
NRHS (input) INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.
AP (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2)
The upper or lower triangular matrix A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A is stored in the array AP as follows: if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. If DIAG = 'U', the diagonal elements of A are not referenced and are assumed to be 1.
B (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The right hand side matrix B.
LDB (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
X (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
The solution matrix X.
LDX (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).
FERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight overestimate of the true error.
BERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).
WORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (3*N)
IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (N)
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value