git-buildpackage(1) Build Debian packages from a Git repository


git-buildpackage [ --git-[no-]ignore-new ] [ --git-tag ] [ --git-verbose ] [ --git-upstream-branch=treeish ] [ --git-debian-branch=branch_name ] [ --git-ignore-branch ] [ --git-builder=BUILD_CMD ] [ --git-cleaner=CLEAN_CMD ] [ --git-pbuilder= ] [ --git-dist=DIST ] [ --git-arch=ARCH ] [ --git-[no-]sign-tags ] [ --git-keyid=gpg-keyid ] [ --git-posttag=command ] [ --git-postbuild=command ] [ --git-prebuild=command ] [ --git-debian-tag=tag-format ] [ --git-force-create ] [ --git-no-create-orig ] [ --git-tarball-dir=directory ] [ --git-compression=type ] [ --git-compression-level=level ] [ --git-export-dir=directory ] [ --git-export=treeish ] [ --git-[no-]pristine-tar ] [ --git-dont-purge ] [ --git-tag-only ] [ --git-retag ]


git-buildpackage is used to build Debian source and .deb packages from a Git repository.

git-buildpackage will, in order:

  • Verify that it is being executed from the proper location.
  • Verify that the repository doesn't contain any uncommitted source changes.
  • Verify that it is being executed from the correct branch.
  • (Optionally) export the source tree to a separate build area
  • Build an orig tarball if it doesn't exist.
  • Call debuild(1) (or the application specified via --git-builder) with arguments instructing it to ignore Git meta-data in the diff.gz, passing along all arguments given to git-buildpackage that don't start with --git-.
  • (Optionally) tag the tree after a successful build
  • (Optionally) call a post build hook - e.g. to run lintian
  • (Optionally) call a post tag hook - e.g. to push the results to a remote repository after creating the tag


Don't abort if there are uncommitted changes in the source tree or the current branch doesn't match the debian-branch.
Add a git tag after a successfull build.
Use BUILD_CMD instead of debuild -i\.git -I.git
Use CLEAN_CMD instead of debuild clean
Build package using git-pbuilder. Note that this overwrites any --git-builder and --git-cleaner options.
Build for distribution DIST when using --git-pbuilder. If unset build for the unstable distribution.
Build for architecture ARCH when using --git-pbuilder. If unset no architecture is passed to git-pbuilder.
verbose execution
Branch to build the orig tarball from if no tag matching the upstream version is found. Default is upstream. You can give any treeish object here.
If you're not on this branch when invoking git-buildpackage it will fail. Default is master. This is done to make sure you don't accidentally release from a topic branch. Not being on this branch will be ignored when using --git-ignore-new.
Don't check if the current branch matches debian-branch.
GPG sign all created tags
use this keyid for gpg signing tags
excecute command after tagging a new version.

Exported environment variables are: GBP_TAG (the name of the generated tag), GBP_BRANCH (the branch the package was build from) and GBP_SHA1 (the sha1 of the commit the tag was created at).

excecute command after succesful build.

Exported environment variables are: GBP_CHANGES_FILE (the name of the generated changes file), GBP_BUILD_DIR (the build dir).

execute command from the build directory before calling debuild or the application specified via --git-builder.

Exported environment variables are: GBP_GIT_DIR (the repository the package is being built from), GBP_BUILD_DIR (the build dir).

use this tag format when tagging Debian versions, default is debian/<version>
Force creation of an orig tarball (overwriting a pre-existing one if present)
Don't try to create any orig tarball
Export the current branch head (or the treeish object given via --git-export to directory before building.
Instead of exporting the current branch head, export the treeish object treeish. The special name INDEX exports the current index whereas the special name WC exports the current working copy as is.
Search for original tarballs in directory instead of generating them
Specifies the upstream tarball compression type. This will be used to locate and build the upstream tarball if necessary. The default is auto which derives the compression type from the pristine-tar branch if available and falls back to gzip otherwise. Other options are gzip, bzip2, lzma and xz.
Specifies the upstream tarball compression level if an upstream tarball needs to be built.
retain exported build directory after build
don't build, only tag and run post-tag hooks
don't fail tag operations if a tag with the same version already exists


Four configuration files are parsed to set defaults for the above commandline arguments:

system wide configuraton
per user configuration
per branch configuration, can be published with the repository
per branch configuration, can be published with the repository
per repository configuration

See /etc/git-buildpackage/gbp.conf for an example.

All options in the config files are specified without the 'git-' prefix.


Guido Guenther <[email protected]>