grdview(1) Create 3-D perspective grayshaded/colored image or mesh from a 2-D grd file


grdview relief_file -Jparameters [ -Btickinfo ] [-Ccptfile] [ -Eview_az/view_el ] [ -Gdrapefile] [ -Iintensfile] [ -K ] [ -L[flags] ] [ -Nlevel[/r/g/b]] [ -O ] [ -P ] [ -Qtype ] [ -Rwest/east/south/north/zmin/zmax[r] ] [ -Ssmooth ] [ -T[s] ] [ -U[/dx/dy/][label] ] [ -V ] [ -Wtype/pen ] [ -Xx-shift ] [ -Yy-shift ] [ -Zzlevel ] [ -ccopies ]


grdview reads a 2-D gridded file and produces a 3-D perspective plot by drawing a mesh, painting a colored/grayshaded surface made up of polygons, or by scanline conversion of these polygons to a rasterimage. Options include draping a data set on top of a surface, plotting of contours on top of the surface, and apply artificial illumination based on intensities provided in a separate grd file.
2-D gridded data set to be imaged (the relief of the surface).
Selects the map projection. Scale is UNIT/degree, 1:xxxxx, or width in UNIT (upper case modifier). UNIT is cm, inch, or m, depending on the MEASURE_UNIT setting in .gmtdefaults, but this can be overridden on the command line by appending the c, i, or m to the scale/width value.


-Jclon0/lat0/scale (Cassini)
-Jjlon0/scale (Miller)
-Jmscale (Mercator - Greenwich and Equator as origin)
-Jmlon0/lat0/scale (Mercator - Give meridian and standard parallel)
-Joalon0/lat0/azimuth/scale (Oblique Mercator - point and azimuth)
-Joblon0/lat0/lon1/lat1/scale (Oblique Mercator - two points)
-Joclon0/lat0/lonp/latp/scale (Oblique Mercator - point and pole)
-Jqlon0/scale (Equidistant Cylindrical Projection (Plate Carree))
-Jtlon0/scale (TM - Transverse Mercator, with Equator as y = 0)
-Jtlon0/lat0/scale (TM - Transverse Mercator, set origin)
-Juzone/scale (UTM - Universal Transverse Mercator)
-Jylon0/lats/scale (Basic Cylindrical Projection)


-Jalon0/lat0/scale (Lambert).
-Jelon0/lat0/scale (Equidistant).
-Jflon0/lat0/horizon/scale (Gnomonic).
-Jglon0/lat0/scale (Orthographic).
-Jslon0/lat0/[slat/]scale (General Stereographic)


-Jblon0/lat0/lat1/lat2/scale (Albers)
-Jdlon0/lat0/lat1/lat2/scale (Equidistant)
-Jllon0/lat0/lat1/lat2/scale (Lambert)


-Jhlon0/scale (Hammer)
-Jilon0/scale (Sinusoidal)
-Jk[f|s]lon0/scale (Eckert IV (f) and VI (s))
-Jnlon0/scale (Robinson)
-Jrlon0/scale (Winkel Tripel)
-Jvlon0/scale (Van der Grinten)
-Jwlon0/scale (Mollweide)


-Jp[a]scale[/origin] (polar (theta,r) coordinates, optional a for azimuths and offset theta [0])
-Jxx-scale[l|ppow][/y-scale[l|ppow]] (Linear, log, and power scaling)
More details can be found in the psbasemap manpages.

Sets the vertical scaling (for 3-D maps). Same syntax as -Jx.


No space between the option flag and the associated arguments.
Sets map boundary tickmark intervals. See psbasemap for details.
name of the color palette file. Must be present if you want (1) mesh plot with contours (-Qm), or (2) shaded/colored perspective image (-Qs or -Qi). For -Qs: You can specify that you want to skip a z-slice by setting red = -; to use a pattern give red = P|pdpi/pattern[:Fr/g/b[Br/g/b]].
Sets the view point by specifying azimuth and elevation in degrees. [Default is 180/90]
Drape the image in drapefile on top of the relief provided by relief_file. [Default is relief_file]. Note that -Jz and -N always refers to the relief_file. The drapefile only provides the information pertaining to colors.
Gives the name of a grdfile with intensities in the (-1,+1) range. [Default is no illumination].
More PostScript code will be appended later [Default terminates the plot system].
Boundary condition flags may be x or y or xy indicating data is periodic in range of x or y or both, or flags may be g indicating geographical conditions (x and y are lon and lat). [Default uses "natural" conditions (second partial derivative normal to edge is zero).] If no flags are set, use bilinear rather than the default bicubic resampling when draping is required.
Draws a plane at this z-level. If the optional r/g/b is provided, the frontal facade between the plane and the data perimeter is colored.
Selects binary output. Append s for single precision [Default is double].
Selects Portrait plotting mode [GMT Default is Landscape, see gmtdefaults to change this].
west, east, south, and north specify the Region of interest. To specify boundaries in degrees and minutes [and seconds], use the dd:mm[:ss] format. Append r if lower left and upper right map coordinates are given instead of wesn. This option may be used to indicate the range used for the 3-D axes [Default is region given by the relief_file]. You may ask for a larger w/e/s/n region to have more room between the image and the axes. A smaller region than specified in the relief_file will result in a subset of the grid.
Select one of three settings: 1. Specify m for mesh plot [Default], and optionally append /r/g/b for a different mesh paint [white]. 2. Specify s for surface plot, and optionally append m to have mesh lines drawn on top of surface. 3. Specify i for image plot, and optionally append the effective dpi resolution for the rasterization [100]. For any of these choices, you may force a monochrome image by appending g. Colors are then converted to shades of gray using the (television) YIQ transformation.
Smooth the contours before plotting (see grdcontour) [Default is no smoothing]
Plot image without any interpolation. This involves converting each node-centered bin into a polygon which is then painted separately. Append s to skip nodes with z = NaN. This option is useful for categorical data where interpolating between values is meaningless.
Draw Unix System time stamp on plot. User may specify where the lower left corner of the stamp should fall on the page relative to lower left corner of plot. Optionally, append a label, or c (which will plot the command string.). The GMT parameters UNIX_TIME and UNIX_TIME_POS can affect the appearance; see the gmtdefaults man page for details.
Selects verbose mode, which will send progress reports to stderr [Default runs "silently"].
Draw contour lines on top of surface or mesh (not image). Append pen attributes used for the contours. [Default: width = 3, color = 0/0/0, texture = solid].
Sets the pen attributes used for the mesh. [Default: width = 1, color = 0/0/0, texture = solid]. You must also select -Qm or -Qsm for meshlines to be drawn.
-X -Y
Shift origin of plot by (x-shift,y-shift). Prepend a for absolute coordinates; the default (r) will reset plot origin.
Sets the z-level of the basemap [0].
Specifies the number of plot copies. [Default is 1]


To make a mesh plot from the file hawaii_grav.grd and drawing the contours given in the color palette file hawaii.cpt on a Lambert map at 1.5 cm/degree along the standard parallels 18 and 24, with vertical scale 20 mgal/cm, and looking at the surface from SW at 30 degree elevation, try

grdview hawaii_grav.grd -Jl18/24/1.5c -Chawaii.cpt -Jz0.05c -Qm -N-100 -E225/30 -Wc >

To create a illuminated color perspective plot of the gridded data set image.grd, using the color palette file color.rgb, with linear scaling at 10 cm/x-unit and tickmarks every 5 units, with intensities provided by the file intens.grd, and looking from the SE, try

grdview image.grd -Jx10.0c -Ccolor.rgb -Qs -E135/30 -Iintens.grd >

To make the same plot using the rastering option with dpi = 50, try

grdview image.grd -Jx10.0c -Ccolor.rgb -Qi50 -E135/30 -Iintens.grd >

To create a color PostScript perspective plot of the gridded data set magnetics.grd, using the color palette file mag_intens.cpt, draped over the relief given by the file topography.grd, with Mercator map width of 6 inch and tickmarks every 1 degree, with intensities provided by the file topo_intens.grd, and looking from the SE, try

grdview topography.grd -JM6i -Gmagnetics.grd -Cmag_intens.cpt -Qs -E140/30 -Itopo_intens.grd >


For the -Qs option: PostScript provides no way of smoothly varying colors within a polygon, so colors can only vary from polygon to polygon. To obtain smooth images this way you may resample the grdfile(s) using grdsample or use a finer grid size when running gridding programs like surface or nearneighbor. Unfortunately, this produces huge PostScript files. The alternative is to use the -Qi option, which computes bilinear or bicubic continuous color variations within polygons by using scanline conversion to image the polygons.