int io_fd(int64 fd);
int io_fd_flags(int64 fd);
DESCRIPTIONio_fd_flags behaves just like io_fd, but certain flags can be bitwise-ORed to it to alter its behavior:
- tell io_fd that the descriptor is writable. This is useful so io_wantwrite can queue the descriptor immediately and there is no need to query the operating system event reporting mechanism.
- tell io_fd that the descriptor is blocking.
- tell io_fd that the descriptor is non-blocking.
Normally, io_fd calls fcntl to ask the operating system whether the descriptor is blocking or not. The frameworks needs to know because it alters how io_tryread and io_trywrite handle the socket. Never pass both IO_FD_BLOCK and IO_FD_NONBLOCK at the same time.
Newly connected stream sockets are always writable if the connection is established, so it is usually safe to pass IO_FD_CANWRITE. The main exception case where IO_FD_CANWRITE should not be passed is on a non-blocking socket where a connect() is pending. Then you need to poll for writability to get notified when the connection is established.