KiokuDB::Backend(3) Backend interface role


version 0.57


package KiokuDB::Backend::Foo;
use Moose;
# load the core api and additional interfaces based on backend capabilities
with qw(
sub insert { ... }
sub get { ... }
sub delete { ... }
sub exists { ... }
# use the backend like this:
my $dir = KiokuDB->new(
backend => KiokuDB::Backend::Foo->new( );


KiokuDB is designed to be fairly backend agnostic.

This role defines the minimal API for writing new backends.


This role is supplemented by KiokuDB::Backend::Role::TXN, a role for first class transaction support that issues rollbacks using the KiokuDB::Entry objects.


This role is supplemented by KiokuDB::Backend::Role::Query, a role for backend specific queries.

KiokuDB::Backend::Role::Query::Simple provides a universal query api for backends that can perform property based lookup.

KiokuDB::Backend::Role::Query::GIN is a role for using Search::GIN based indexing/querying with backends that do not natively support querying.


get @ids
Retrieve the KiokuDB::Entry objects associated with the @ids.

If any other error is encountered, this method should die.

The backend may store private data in "backend_data", to be used in a subsequent update.

Returns a list of KiokuDB::Entry, with the order corresponding to @ids. If an entry does not exist then "undef" should be returned in place of it. The backend may abort retrieval on the first non existent entry.

insert @entries
Insert entries to the store.

If the backend is transactional this operation should be atomic with respect to the inserted/updated data.

The backend is required to store the data in the fields "data", "class" using the key in "id".

Entries which have an entry in "prev" denote updates (either objects that have been previously stored, or objects that were looked up). The previous entry may be used to compare state for issuing a partial update, and will contain the value of "backend_data" for any other state tracking.

"object" is a weak reference to the object this entry is representing, and may be used for high level indexing. Do not use this field for storage.

If this backend implements some form of garbage collection, "root" denotes that the objects is part of the root set.

After all entries have been successfully written, "backend_data" should be set if necessary just as in "get".

Has no return value.

If "insert" does not die the write is assumed to be successful.

delete @ids_or_entries
Delete the specified IDs or entries.

If the user provided objects then entries will be passed in. Any associated state the entries may have (e.g. a revision) should be used in order to enforce atomicity with respect to the time when the objects were loaded.

After all entries have been successfully deleted, "deleted" should be set. The entry passed in is the same one as was loaded by "get" or last written by "insert", so it is already up to date in the live objects.

Has no return value.

If "delete" does not die the write is assumed to be successful.

exists @ids
Check for existence of the specified IDs, without retrieving their data.

Returns a list of true or false values.


These methods are provided by the KiokuDB::Backend role, and may be overridden.
Parses the second half of the DSN using "parse_dsn_params" and instantiates a new object using "new_from_dsn".

See KiokuDB::Util.

new_from_dsn_params @args
Takes DSN parameters and converts them to arguments suitable for "new"
parse_dsn_params $str
The string is split on ";" to produce arguments. Arguments in the form "foo=bar" are split on "=" into a key/value pair, and other arguments are treated as a boolean key and returned as "$arg => 1".


Your backend may include more roles, based on its capabilities.
For the actual serialization of entries, there are a number of serialization roles.
API for clearing all entries.
API for enumerating entries.
If your serialization is able to store arbitrary binary data and/or unicode strings, these informational roles should be included.
If your storage supports nested transactions ("txn_begin", "txn_commit" etc) this role provides the api to expose that functionality to the high level KiokuDB api.
If your backend supports querying of some sort, these are the roles to include.

The querying API uses backend specific lookups to fetch entries, which KiokuDB will then relink into result objects.


A backend may be shared by several KiokuDB instances, each with its own distinct live object set. The backend may choose to share cached entry data, as that is not mutated by KiokuDB::Linker, but not the KiokuDB::Entry instances themselves.


Yuval Kogman <[email protected]>


This software is copyright (c) 2014 by Yuval Kogman, Infinity Interactive.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.