SYNOPSISledit [-h file] [-x] [-t] [-l length] [-a | -u] [command options]
DESCRIPTIONThe command ledit allows one to edit lines one by one when running an interactive command. When typing a line, some keys with control or meta are interpreted: it is possible to insert characters in the middle of the line, go to the beginning or the end of the line, get a previous line, search for a line with a pattern, etc.
OPTIONSThe options are:
- -h file
- Save the lines typed (history) in file. The default is to have them only in memory (so, they are lost at the end of the program).
- Extend the history file (given in option "-h") if it already exists. The default is to truncate the history file.
- Display the sequences generated by the keys (for debugging).
- Print ledit version and exit.
- -l length
- Tells that length is the maximum line length displayed. If the line edited is longer than this length, the line scrolls horizontally, while editing. The default value is 70.
- Ascii encoding: characters whose code is greater than 128 are displayed with a backslash followed by their code.
- Unicode encoding: the terminal must have been set in unicode mode. See commands unicode_start and unicode_stop.
- command options
Runs the command command and its possible options. This
must be the last option of ledit. The default value is "cat".
KEYS BINDINGSWhen ledit starts, some default key bindings are defined. The can be completed with a "leditrc" file. See the section LEDITRC.
In the following lines, the caret sign "^" means "control" and the sequence "M-" means "meta" (either with the "meta" prefix, or by pressing the "escape" key before). Examples:
- press the "control" key, then press "a", then release "a", then release "control".
- press the "meta" key, then press "a", then release "a", then release "meta", or: press and release the "escape" key, then press and release "a" (the manipulation with "meta" may not work in some systems: in this case, use the manipulation with "escape").
The default editing commands are:
^a : beginning of line ^e : end of line ^f : forward char ^b : backward char M-f : forward word M-b : backward word TAB : complete file name ^p : previous line in history ^n : next line in history M-< : first line in history M-> : last line in history ^r : reverse search in history (see below) ^d : delete char (or EOF if the line is empty) ^h : (or backspace) backward delete char ^t : transpose chars M-c : capitalize word M-u : upcase word M-l : downcase word M-d : kill word M-^h : (or M-del or M-backspace) backward kill word ^q : insert next char M-/ : expand abbreviation ^k : cut until end of line ^y : paste ^u : line discard ^l : redraw current line ^g : abort prefix ^c : interrupt ^z : suspend ^\ : quit return : send line ^x : send line and show next history line other : insert char
The arrow keys can be used, providing your keyword returns standard key sequences:
up arrow : previous line in history down arrow : next line in history right arrow : forward char left arrow : backward char
home : beginning of line end : end of line delete : delete char page up : previous line in history page down : next line in history shift home : beginning of history shift end : end of history
REVERSE SEARCHThe reverse search in incremental, i.e. ledit backward searches in the history a line holding the characters typed. If you type "a", its search the first line before the current line holding an "a" and displays it. If you then type a "b", its search a line holding "ab", and so on. If you type ^h (or backspace), it returns to the previous line found. To cancel the search, type ^g. To find another line before holding the same string, type ^r. To stop the editing and display the current line found, type "escape" (other commands of the normal editing, different from ^h, ^g, and ^r stop the editing too).
Summary of reverse search commands:
^g : abort search ^r : search previous same pattern ^h : (or backspace) search without the last char del : search without the last char any other command : stop search and show the line found
LEDITRCIf the environment variable LEDITRC is set, it contains the name of the leditrc file. Otherwise it is the file named ".leditrc" in user's home directory. When starting, ledit reads this file, if it exists, to modify or complete the default bindings. If this file is changed while reading lines, it is read again to take the new file into account.
Bindings lines are the ones which start with a string defining the key sequence and follow with a colon and a binding. A binding is either a string or a command. The other lines are ignored For example,the line:
binds the sequence "control-a" to the command "beginning-of-line".
The key sequence may contain the specific meta-sequences:
\C- followed by a key: "control" of this key \M- followed by a key: "meta" of this key \e the "escape" key \nnn where nnn is one, two, or three octal digits, or: \xnn where nn is one or two hexadecimal digits: the binary representation of a byte \a bell = \C-g \b backspace = \C-h \d delete = \277 \f form feed = \C-l \n newline = \C-j \r carriage return = \C-m \t tabulation = \C-i \v vertical tabulation = \C-k
The commands are:
abort: do nothing accept-line: send the current line backward-char: move the cursor to the previous character backward-delete-char: delete the previous character backward-kill-word: delete the previous word backward-word: move the cursor before the previous word beginning-of-history: display the first line of the history beginning-of-line: move the cursor at the beginning of the line capitalize-word: uppercase the first char and lowercase the rest delete-char: delete the character under the cursor delete-char-or-end-of-file: same but eof if no character in the line downcase-word: lowercase whole word end-of-history: display the last line of the history end-of-line: move the cursor to the end of the line expand-abbrev: try to complete the word by looking at the history expand-to-file-name: try to complete the word from a file name forward-char: move the cursor after the next word forward-word: move the cursor to the next character interrupt: interrupt command (send control-C) kill-line: delete from the cursor to the end and save in buffer kill-word: delete the next word next-history: display the next line of the history operate-and-get-next: send line and display the next history line previous-history: display the previous line of the history quit: quit ledit quoted-insert: insert the next character as it is redraw-current-line: redisplay the current line reverse-search-history: backward search in the history suspend: suspend ledit (send control-Z) transpose-chars: exchange the last two characters unix-line-discard: kill current line upcase-word: uppercase whole word yank: insert kill buffer
KNOWN BUGSIf ledit has been launched in a shell script, the suspend command kills it and its command... Use "exec ledit comm" instead of "ledit comm".
The suspend command stops ledit but not the called program. Do not do this if the called program is not waiting on standard input.
In some systems (e.g. alpha), pasting two many characters works bad and may block the terminal. Probably a kernel problem. No solution.
AUTHORDaniel de Rauglaudre, at INRIA, France.