libtomcrypt(3) public domain open source crypthographic toolkit


#include <tomcrypt.h>

Link with -ltomcrypt (use pkg-config --libs libtomcrypt)


libtomcrypt is documented in /usr/share/doc/libtomcrypt-dev/crypt.pdf. To give you a very brief introduction, the following example is provided.


  /* AES-XTS example for libtomcrypt. (c) 2008 Michael Stapelberg, Public Domain */
  #include <stdint.h>
  #include <string.h>
  #include <tomcrypt.h>
  static symmetric_xts xts;
   * Initializes AES-XTS for use with encrypt(). Key must be at least 32 bytes long, only
   * the first 32 bytes will be used.
  void initialize_xts(unsigned char *key) {
    int idx, err;
    unsigned char aeskey1[16], aeskey2[16];
    /* You can use 32 different ciphers simultaneously. Before using a cipher, you must register it. */
    /* Get the index of the cipher registered before */
    if ((idx = find_cipher("aes")) == -1) {
            fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: AES not available in libtomcrypt. Please upgrade/fix libtomcrypt.\n");
    /* Set up the two private keys required by AES-XTS (see 3.4.10 of crypt.pdf) */
    strncpy((char*)aeskey1, key, 16);
    strncpy((char*)aeskey2, key+16, 16);
    printf("Initializing with keys \"%.16s\" and \"%.16s\" (AES-XTS)\n", aeskey1, aeskey2);
    /* Initialize AES-XTS */
    if ((err = xts_start(idx, aeskey1, aeskey2, 16, 0, &xts)) != CRYPT_OK) {
            fprintf(stderr, "ERROR starting XTS: %s\n", error_to_string(err));
   * Encrypts the input (of input_size) and stores the result in output. The piece index
   * is required because XTS wants a tweak for each block so that it doesn't generate
   * patterns which would be visible in the encrypted output.
  void encrypt(const uint8_t *input, uint8_t *output, int input_size, int piece_idx) {
    unsigned char tweak[256];
    int err;
    memset(tweak, '\0', 256);
    snprintf((char*)tweak, 256, "%d", piece_idx);
    if ((err = xts_encrypt(input, input_size, output, tweak, &xts)) != CRYPT_OK) {
            fprintf(stderr, "ERROR in AES encryption: %d: %s\n", err, error_to_string(err));


libtomcrypt was written by Tom St Denis.

This manual page was written by Michael Stapelberg <[email protected]>, for the Debian project (and may be used by others).