mercurial-buildpackage(1) Build a .deb package from source code under


mercurial-buildpackage [option] ...


mercurial-buildpackage builds a .deb package from within a Mercurial repository. The package is built either by use of pbuilder(1) or in-place, depending on the options.


--version, -V
Output version and exit.
--verbose, -v
Increase verbosity level. Can be used several times.
--no-check-dependencies, -d
Do not check for missing build dependencies.
--include-source, -s, -sa
Force inclusion of upstream source.
--from-version changelogversion, -f changelogversion
Include all changelog entries from changelogversion.
--source-only, -S
Build the source only.
--configfile pbuilderconfigfile, -c pbuilderconfigfile
Use pbuilder(1) to build package in a chroot(8) specified in pbuilderconfigfile.


Silently build a package in-place using debian/rules and dpkg-genchanges(1). The complete build log will be placed in ../

mercurial-buildpackage -s -f 1.2-3 -c /home/jps/lenny-pbuilderrc
Build a backport package for the Lenny release using pbuilder. The source and all changelog entries since 1.2-3 are included in package.


Let us assume that your package is called mypack. The package repository should be created by a regular hg init mypack command.

If mypack is a native package, then your repository will only have the usual default branch and mercurial-buildpackage will only affect the .hgtags file when mercurial-tagversion(1) is invoked to tag a release of mypack.

If mypack is a non-native package, then it will have a number of upstream tarballs, as specified in dpkg-source(1). Let us assume that the upstream tarballs are mypack_1.0.orig.tar.gz, mypack_1.0.orig-comp1.tar.bz2 and mypack_1.0.orig-comp2.tar.gz, and that you therefore use package format 3.0 (quilt). mercurial-buildpackage will then maintain the following branches.

A branch containing the source from the main tarball.
A branch containing the source from the comp1 tarball.
A branch containing the source from the comp2 tarball.
A branch containing additional information for recreating pristine upstream tarballs.
The combination of all upstream tarballs, as specified in dpkg-source(1).
The branch for mainline package work. It will have all debian/patches applied and the quilt .pc directory included as part of the repository.

So each upstream tarball will have its own branch which together with the pristine branch are used by mercurial-pristinetar(1) to recreate pristine upstream tarballs.

The upstream branch is used by mercurial-importorig(1) to merge new upstream versions into the mainline default branch; and by mercurial-port(1) to make alternative packages of selected upstream versions, for instance for backporting.

In general, you should leave alone all the branches dealing with upsteam sources, and only work in the default branch or branches created by mercurial-port(1) for porting.


In-place building

fakeroot debian/rules clean
dpkg-source -i.hg -b mypack ..
debian/rules build
debian/rules binary
dpkg-genchanges > ../mypack_1.0-2_i386.changes

Chroot building

fakeroot debian/rules clean
dpkg-source -i.hg -b mypack ..
pbuilder --build --configfile ~/etc/sid-pbuilderrc ../mypack_1.0-2.dsc


Jens Peter Secher <[email protected]>


The ideas for this package originates from John Goerzen's hg-buildpackage.