Moose::Cookbook::Extending::Recipe3(3) Providing an alternate base object class


package MyApp::Base;
use Moose;
extends 'Moose::Object';
before 'new' => sub { warn "Making a new " . $_[0] };
no Moose;
package MyApp::UseMyBase;
use Moose ();
use Moose::Exporter;
Moose::Exporter->setup_import_methods( also => 'Moose' );
sub init_meta {
return Moose->init_meta( @_, base_class => 'MyApp::Base' );


A common extension is to provide an alternate base class. One way to do that is to make a "MyApp::base" and add "extends 'MyApp::Base'" to every class in your application. That's pretty tedious. Instead, you can create a Moose-alike module that sets the base object class to "MyApp::Base" for you.

Then, instead of writing "use Moose" you can write "use MyApp::UseMyBase".

In this particular example, our base class issues some debugging output every time a new object is created, but you can think of some more interesting things to do with your own base class.

This uses the magic of Moose::Exporter. When we call "Moose::Exporter->setup_import_methods( also => 'Moose' )" it builds "import" and "unimport" methods for you. The "also => 'Moose'" bit says that we want to export everything that Moose does.

The "import" method that gets created will call our "init_meta" method, passing it "for_caller => $caller" as its arguments. The $caller is set to the class that actually imported us in the first place.

See the Moose::Exporter docs for more details on its API.

USING MyApp::UseMyBase

To actually use our new base class, we simply use "MyApp::UseMyBase" instead of "Moose". We get all the Moose sugar plus our new base class.

  package Foo;
  use MyApp::UseMyBase;
  has 'size' => ( is => 'rw' );
  no MyApp::UseMyBase;


This is an awful lot of magic for a simple base class. You will often want to combine a metaclass trait with a base class extension, and that's when this technique is useful.


Dave Rolsky <[email protected]>


Copyright 2006-2010 by Infinity Interactive, Inc.


This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.