Pandoc::Walker(3) utility functions to process Pandoc documents


use Pandoc::Walker;
use Pandoc::Elements qw(pandoc_json);
my $ast = pandoc_json(<>);
# extract all links and image URLs
my $links = query $ast, 'Link|Image' => sub { $_->url };
# print all links and image URLs
walk $ast, 'Link|Image' => sub { say $_->url };
# remove all links
transform $ast, sub {
return ($_->name eq 'Link' ? [] : ());
# replace all links by their link text angle brackets
use Pandoc::Elements 'Str';
transform $ast, Link => sub {
return (Str " < ", $_->content->[0], Str " > ");


This module provides utility functions to traverse the abstract syntax tree (AST) of a pandoc document (see Pandoc::Elements for documentation of AST elements).

Document elements are passed to action functions by reference, so don't shoot yourself in the foot by trying to directly modify the element. Traversing a single element is not reliable neither, so put the element in an array reference if needed. For instance to replace links in headers only by their link text content:

    transform $ast, Header => sub {
        transform [ $_[0] ], Link => sub { # make an array
            return $_[0]->content;         # is an array

See also Pandoc::Filter for an object oriented interface to transformations.


action ( [ $selector => ] $code [, @arguments ] )

action ( { $selector => $code, ... } [, @arguments ] )

Return an an action function to process document elements.

walk( $ast, ... )

Walks an abstract syntax tree and calls an action on every element or every element of given name(s). Additional arguments are also passed to the action.

See also function "pandoc_walk" exported by Pandoc::Filter.

query( $ast, ... )

Walks an abstract syntax tree and applies one or multiple query functions to extract results. The query function is expected to return a list. The combined query result is returned as array reference. For instance the "string" method of Pandoc::Elements is implemented as following:

    join '', @{ 
        query( $ast, { 
            'Str|Code|Math'   => sub { $_->content },
            'LineBreak|Space' => sub { ' ' } 
        } );

transform( $ast, ... )

Walks an abstract syntax tree and applies an action on every element, or every element of given name(s), to either keep it (if the action returns "undef"), remove it (if it returns an empty array reference), or replace it with one or more elements (returned by array reference or as single value).

See also function "pandoc_filter" exported by Pandoc::Filter.


Copyright 2014- Jakob Vo╬▓

GNU General Public License, Version 2

This module is heavily based on Pandoc by John MacFarlane.