preprocess(1) Preprocess a file.


preprocess [options...] infile


Preprocess is like a typical C preprocessor, but it extends to multiple languages. Languages for which it works include: C++, Python, Perl, Tcl, XML, JavaScript, CSS, IDL, TeX, Fortran, PHP, Java, Shell scripts (Bash, CSH, etc.) and C#. Preprocess is usable both as a command line app and as a Python module.


-h, --help
Print help text and exit.
-V, --version
Print the version info and exit.
-v, --verbose
Give verbose output for errors.
-o outfile
Write output to the given file instead of to stdout.
-f, --force
Overwrite given output file. Otherwise an IOError will be raised if outfile already exists.
-D define
Define a variable for preprocessing. define can simply be a variable name (in which case it will be true) or it can be of the form var=val. An attempt will be made to convert val to an integer so "-D FOO=0" will create a false value.
-I dir
Add a directory to the include path for #include directives.
-k, --keep-lines
Emit empty lines for preprocessor statement lines and skipped output lines. This allows line numbers to stay constant.
-s, --substitute
Substitute defines into emitted lines. By default substitution is NOT done because it currently will substitute into program strings.


 from preprocess import preprocess
 preprocess(infile, outfile=sys.stdout, defines={}, force=0,
            keepLines=0, includePath=[], substitute=0)

The <infile> can be marked up with special preprocessor statement lines of the form:

 <comment-prefix> <preprocessor-statement> <comment-suffix>

where the <comment-prefix/suffix> are the native comment delimiters for that file type.


HTML (*.htm, *.html) or XML (*.xml, *.kpf, *.xul) files:

 <!-- #if FOO -->
 <!-- #endif -->

Python (*.py), Perl (*.pl), Tcl (*.tcl), Ruby (*.rb), Bash (*.sh), or make ([Mm]akefile*) files:

 # #if defined('FAV_COLOR') and FAV_COLOR == "blue"
 # #elif FAV_COLOR == "red"
 # #else
 # #endif

C (*.c, *.h), C++ (*.cpp, *.cxx, *.cc, *.h, *.hpp, *.hxx, *.hh), Java (*.java), PHP (*.php) or C# (*.cs) files:

 // #define FAV_COLOR 'blue'
 /* #ifndef FAV_COLOR */
 // #endif

Fortran 77 (*.f) or 90/95 (*.f90) files:

 C     #if COEFF == 'var'
 C     #endif


Valid statements:

 #define <var> [<value>]
 #undef <var>
 #ifdef <var>
 #ifndef <var>
 #if <expr>
 #elif <expr>
 #error <error string>
 #include "<file>"

where <expr> is any valid Python expression.

The expression after #if/elif may be a Python statement. It is an error to refer to a variable that has not been defined by a -D option or by an in-content #define.

Special built-in methods for expressions:

 defined(varName)    Return true if given variable is defined.


A suggested file naming convention is to let input files to preprocess be of the form <basename>.p.<ext> and direct the output of preprocess to <basename>.<ext>, e.g.:

 preprocess -o

The advantage is that other tools (esp. editors) will still recognize the unpreprocessed file as the original language.


Trent Mick <[email protected]>

This manual page was written by Johannes Ring <[email protected]> for the Debian GNU/Linux system (but may be used by others).