int setjmp(jmp_buf env);
A call to setjmp() shall save the calling environment in its env argument for later use by longjmp().
It is unspecified whether setjmp() is a macro or a function. If a macro definition is suppressed in order to access an actual function, or a program defines an external identifier with the name setjmp, the behavior is undefined.
An application shall ensure that an invocation of setjmp() appears in one of the following contexts only:
- The entire controlling expression of a selection or iteration statement
- One operand of a relational or equality operator with the other operand an integral constant expression, with the resulting expression being the entire controlling expression of a selection or iteration statement
- The operand of a unary '!' operator with the resulting expression being the entire controlling expression of a selection or iteration
- The entire expression of an expression statement (possibly cast to void)
If the invocation appears in any other context, the behavior is undefined.
If the return is from a direct invocation, setjmp() shall return 0. If the return is from a call to longjmp(), setjmp() shall return a non-zero value.
No errors are defined.
The following sections are informative.
In general, sigsetjmp() is more useful in dealing with errors and interrupts encountered in a low-level subroutine of a program.
COPYRIGHTPortions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .