 STGEX2(3) swaps adjacent diagonal blocks (A11, B11) and (A22, B22) of size 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 in an upper (quasi) triangular matrix pair (A, B) by an orthogonal equivalence transformation

## SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE STGEX2(
WANTQ, WANTZ, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, Q, LDQ, Z, LDZ, J1, N1, N2, WORK, LWORK, INFO )

LOGICAL WANTQ, WANTZ

INTEGER INFO, J1, LDA, LDB, LDQ, LDZ, LWORK, N, N1, N2

REAL A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), Q( LDQ, * ), WORK( * ), Z( LDZ, * )

## PURPOSE

STGEX2 swaps adjacent diagonal blocks (A11, B11) and (A22, B22) of size 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 in an upper (quasi) triangular matrix pair (A, B) by an orthogonal equivalence transformation. (A, B) must be in generalized real Schur canonical form (as returned by SGGES), i.e. A is block upper triangular with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. B is upper triangular.
Optionally, the matrices Q and Z of generalized Schur vectors are updated.

Q(in) * A(in) * Z(in)' = Q(out) * A(out) * Z(out)'
Q(in) * B(in) * Z(in)' = Q(out) * B(out) * Z(out)'

## ARGUMENTS

WANTQ (input) LOGICAL .TRUE. : update the left transformation matrix Q;

WANTZ (input) LOGICAL

N (input) INTEGER
The order of the matrices A and B. N >= 0.
A (input/output) REAL arrays, dimensions (LDA,N)
On entry, the matrix A in the pair (A, B). On exit, the updated matrix A.
LDA (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).
B (input/output) REAL arrays, dimensions (LDB,N)
On entry, the matrix B in the pair (A, B). On exit, the updated matrix B.
LDB (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
Q (input/output) REAL array, dimension (LDZ,N)
On entry, if WANTQ = .TRUE., the orthogonal matrix Q. On exit, the updated matrix Q. Not referenced if WANTQ = .FALSE..
LDQ (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Q. LDQ >= 1. If WANTQ = .TRUE., LDQ >= N.
Z (input/output) REAL array, dimension (LDZ,N)
On entry, if WANTZ =.TRUE., the orthogonal matrix Z. On exit, the updated matrix Z. Not referenced if WANTZ = .FALSE..
LDZ (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1. If WANTZ = .TRUE., LDZ >= N.
J1 (input) INTEGER
The index to the first block (A11, B11). 1 <= J1 <= N.
N1 (input) INTEGER
The order of the first block (A11, B11). N1 = 0, 1 or 2.
N2 (input) INTEGER
The order of the second block (A22, B22). N2 = 0, 1 or 2.
WORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)).
LWORK (input) INTEGER
The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= MAX( N*(N2+N1), (N2+N1)*(N2+N1)*2 )
INFO (output) INTEGER
=0: Successful exit
>0: If INFO = 1, the transformed matrix (A, B) would be too far from generalized Schur form; the blocks are not swapped and (A, B) and (Q, Z) are unchanged. The problem of swapping is too ill-conditioned. <0: If INFO = -16: LWORK is too small. Appropriate value for LWORK is returned in WORK(1).

## FURTHER DETAILS

Based on contributions by

Bo Kagstrom and Peter Poromaa, Department of Computing Science,
Umea University, S-901 87 Umea, Sweden.
In the current code both weak and strong stability tests are performed. The user can omit the strong stability test by changing the internal logical parameter WANDS to .FALSE.. See ref.  for details.
 B. Kagstrom; A Direct Method for Reordering Eigenvalues in the
Generalized Real Schur Form of a Regular Matrix Pair (A, B), in
M.S. Moonen et al (eds), Linear Algebra for Large Scale and
Real-Time Applications, Kluwer Academic Publ. 1993, pp 195-218.  B. Kagstrom and P. Poromaa; Computing Eigenspaces with Specified
Eigenvalues of a Regular Matrix Pair (A, B) and Condition
Estimation: Theory, Algorithms and Software,

Report UMINF - 94.04, Department of Computing Science, Umea
University, S-901 87 Umea, Sweden, 1994. Also as LAPACK Working
Note 87. To appear in Numerical Algorithms, 1996.