extract_description( FILE )
extract_meta( FILE, NAME )
hyperlink( LIST )
DESCRIPTIONThis package provides a utility functions for the World Wide Web to extract descriptions of or meta information from files, and hyperlink text.
SUBROUTINESThe following Perl subroutines are defined and available:
- extract_description( FILE )
- Extracts a description from an HTML or plain text file given by the FILE name; FILE should be an absolute path. The first $description::chars (default: 2048) characters are read. If the file ends in one of the extensions htm, html, or shtml, it is presumed to be an HTML file; if the file ends in txt, it is presumed to be a plain text file. Other extensions are not recognized and no description is returned for them.
- For HTML files, first, if a <META NAME="description" CONTENT="..."> or a <META NAME="DC.description" CONTENT="..."> (Dublin Core) element is found, then the words specified as the value of the CONTENT attribute is returned as the description.
- Otherwise, all HTML comments, text between <SCRIPT>, <STYLE>, and <TITLE> tags, and all other HTML tags are stripped. If <AREA ... ALT="..."> or <IMG ... ALT="..."> elements are found, then the words specified as the value of the ALT attributes are extracted.
- Finally, for either HTML or plain text files, at most $description::words (default: 50) are returned.
- extract_meta( FILE, NAME )
- Extracts the value of the CONTENT attribute from a META element having the given NAME attribute from an HTML file given by the FILE name; FILE should be an absolute path. The file must end in one of the extensions htm, html, or shtml to be considered an HTML file. The first $description::chars (default: 2048) characters are read. The characters are cached between consecutive calls using the same filename.
- hyperlink( LIST )
Adds hyperlinks to strings:
that is strings that contain substrings that are valid URLs
(according to RFC 1630)
have the appropriate HTML tags ``wrapped'' around them so that they will be
selectable when displayed in a browser.
The ftp, gopher, http, https, mailto,
news, telnet, and wais URLs are recognized.
- Read all about it at http://www.usatoday.com/ becomes: Read all about it at <A HREF="http://www.usatoday.com/">http://www.usatoday.com/</A>
AUTHORPaul J. Lucas <[email protected]>