XML::Grove::AsString(3) output content of XML objects as a string


use XML::Grove::AsString;
# Using as_string method on XML::Grove::Document or XML::Grove::Element:
$string = $xml_object->as_string OPTIONS;
$string = $element->attr_as_string $attr, OPTIONS;
# Using an XML::Grove::AsString instance:
$writer = new XML::Grove::AsString OPTIONS;
$string = $writer->as_string($xml_object);
$writer->as_string($xml_object, $file_handle);


Calling `"as_string"' on an XML object returns the character data contents of that object as a string, including all elements below that object. Calling `"attr_as_string"' on an element returns the contents of the named attribute as a string. Comments, processing instructions, and, by default, entities all return an empty string.

OPTIONS may either be a key-value list or a hash containing the options described below. OPTIONS may be modified directly in the object. The default options are no filtering and entities are mapped to empty strings.


`"Filter"' is an anonymous sub that gets called to process character data before it is appended to the string to be returned. This can be used, for example, to escape characters that are special in output formats. The `"Filter"' sub is called like this:

    $string = &$filter ($character_data);
`"EntityMap"' is an object that accepts `"lookup"' methods or an anonymous sub that gets called with the entity replacement text (data) and mapper options as arguments and returns the corresponding character replacements. It is called like this if it is an object:

    $replacement_text = $entity_map->lookup ($entity_data,

or this if it is a sub:

    $replacement_text = &$entity_map ($entity_data,
`"EntityMapOptions"' is a hash passed through to the `"lookup"' method or anonymous sub, the type of value is defined by the entity mapping package or the anonymous sub.
`"EntityMapFilter"' is a flag to indicate if mapped entities should be filtered after mapping.


Here is an example of entity mapping using the Text::EntityMap module:

    use Text::EntityMap;
    use XML::Grove::AsString;
    $html_iso_dia = Text::EntityMap->load ('ISOdia.2html');
    $html_iso_pub = Text::EntityMap->load ('ISOpub.2html');
    $html_map = Text::EntityMap->group ($html_iso_dia,
    $element->as_string (EntityMap => $html_map);


Ken MacLeod, [email protected]