ZSYRFS(3) improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations when the coefficient matrix is symmetric indefinite, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution

## SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE ZSYRFS(
UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO )

CHARACTER UPLO

INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDAF, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS

INTEGER IPIV( * )

DOUBLE PRECISION BERR( * ), FERR( * ), RWORK( * )

COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), AF( LDAF, * ), B( LDB, * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * )

## PURPOSE

ZSYRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations when the coefficient matrix is symmetric indefinite, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.

## ARGUMENTS

UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1
= 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.
N (input) INTEGER
The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.
NRHS (input) INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.
A (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
The symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not referenced.
LDA (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).
AF (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N)
The factored form of the matrix A. AF contains the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T as computed by ZSYTRF.
LDAF (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N).
IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N)
Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D as determined by ZSYTRF.
B (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The right hand side matrix B.
LDB (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
X (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by ZSYTRS. On exit, the improved solution matrix X.
LDX (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).
FERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight overestimate of the true error.
BERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).
WORK (workspace) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)
RWORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

## PARAMETERS

ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.