acpi_thermal(4) ACPI thermal management subsystem


device acpi


The driver provides the thermal management features of the ACPI module. This driver has a sysctl(8) interface and a devd(8) notification interface. The sysctls export properties of each ACPI thermal zone object.

There can be multiple thermal zones in a system. For example, each CPU and the enclosure could all be separate thermal zones, each with its own setpoints and cooling devices. Thermal zones are numbered sequentially in the order they appear in the AML.

The driver also activates the active cooling system according to each thermal zone's setpoints.


Number of seconds to continue active cooling once started. A new active cooling level will not be selected until this interval expires.
Number of seconds between polling the current temperature.
If set to 1, allow user override of various setpoints (below). The original values for these settings are obtained from the BIOS and system overheating and possible damage could occur if changed. Default is 0 (no override).
Current active cooling system state. If this is non-negative, the appropriate _AC%d object is running. Set this value to the desired active cooling level to force the corresponding fan object to the appropriate level.
If set to 1, passive cooling is enabled. It does cooling without fans using cpufreq(4) as the mechanism for controlling CPU speed. Default is enabled for tz0 where it is available.
Current thermal zone status. These are bit-masked values.
Current temperature for this zone.
Temperature to start passive cooling by throttling down CPU, etc. This value can be overridden by the user.
Temperature to start critical suspend to disk (S4). This value can be overridden by the user.
Temperature to start critical shutdown (S5). This value can be overridden by the user. Temperatures at which to switch to the corresponding active cooling
level. The lower the _ACx value, the higher the cooling power.

All temperatures are printed in Celsius. Values can be set in Celsius (by providing a trailing Qq C ) or Kelvin (by leaving off any trailing letter). When setting a value by sysctl(8), do not specify a trailing decimal (i.e., 90C instead of 90.0C).


Notifies are passed to userland via devd(8). See /etc/devd.conf and devd.conf5 for examples. The driver sends events with the following attributes:

The fully qualified thermal zone object path as in the ASL.
An integer designating the event:

Current temperature has changed.
One or more trip points (_ACx, _PSV) have changed.
One or more device lists (_ALx, _PSL, _TZD) have changed.
Non-standard notify that the system will shutdown if the temperature stays above _CRT or _HOT for one more poll cycle.


An -nosplit An Michael Smith

This manual page was written by An Takanori Watanabe .