arriero(1) simplifies management of several Debian packages


arriero [--config FILE] [--verbose] [--quiet] command [options] [package names]


Arriero is a tool that allows simplifying the management of Debian packages, particularly useful when having to make new upstream releases, builds and uploads of similar packages. It relies heavily in the use of git-buildpackage and general git practices, so it's only useful for packages currently maintained through git.


-c,--config FILE
Specifies the location of the config file to use. The config file holds all information related to packages. It's recommended to have different config files in order to work with different groups of packages.

If not specified, the default config file ~/.config/arriero.conf is read.

-v, --verbose
Show info and debug messages. By default, only warnings and errors are shown.

-q, --quiet
Only show critical errors. If both quiet and verbose are specified, verbose is honored.

-a, --all
Work with all packages. When this option is not specified, package names need to be specified following the command option, separated by spaces.


The main action that arriero will perform is determined by the command it receives. Each command may have its own specific options, that modify its behavior.


Build each package in a pbuilder. This will call git-pbuilder which will read local configurations from /etc/pbuilderrc and ~/.pbuilderrc.

-D, --distribution , --dist dist-name
Build the package for the specified distribution

-A, --architecture , --arch arch-name
Build the package for the specified architecture

-U, --local-upload
After a successful build is finished, the package is uploaded, using the upload-command, using local as the host to upload to.


Obtain the repository for each package. This command can either receive a list of package names or a git URL to clone from. When specifying a URL, it will create a new entry in the configuration file; if specifying a package name, it needs to already be present in the configuration.

The base directory in which to create the clone. After making the clone successfully, the package will be located in basedir/package_name

The branch where the upstream code is located.

The branch where the Debian code is located.

When performing a clone from a URL, if the branches are not manually specified, arriero will try to guess their names, and store the guessed names in the configuration file.


Execute one or more scripts for each package. The scripts invoked will receive the properties of the packages as environment variables, and will be executed inside the package directory.

-x, --script script_name
The name of the script to be executed. This option can be present multiple times. In that case, each script will be called, in the same order as presented in the command line. If one of the scripts fails for a certain package, the following ones will not be executed for that package


Fetch the current upstream tarball for each package.


List packages matching some criteria, with a specific format. This command allows specifying the desired format with which each package is going to be displayed.

-f, --fields field_list
Fields to include while generating the list. The list of fields should be comma separated. The fields available are:


-F, --format field_format
The format to use may include fields by name or order, as specified in the --fields parameter.

-e, --include-empty-results
By default, results where nothing would be listed are skipped, if this option is specified, they will be shown even when there is no string to show.


Combine upstream and debian branches into either the original debian branch, or a new branch. This command is intended to be used when the debian branch doesn't include the upstream code and the user needs to have them together in order to work on the package (for example, to create a quilt package). Important: this command does not handle cleaning up the branch after the work is done. This has to be done manually by the user.

-b, --branch branch-name
The name of the new branch to create with the overlay. If specified and the branch already exists, the command will fail without modifying anything. If not specified, the debian branch for the package will be used.


Obtain any new changes from the packages' repositories.


Push local changes to the packages' repositories.


Change the distribution in the changelog, committing the change to the local git. This command only has effect if the distribution in the changelog is either UNRELEASED or different than the one passed here.

-D,--distribution distribution-name
The distribution to make the release to.

If this option is received, the release will contain a ~ after the debian version. The number after the ~ will get incremented each time the release command is called. This allows for maitainers to keep track of internal tests until it's time to actually release the package.

If this option is not passed, but the version in the changelog was already a pre-release (i.e. it contained a ~), the it's modified to be a final release (without ~)


Show the status of each package. This command checks both the repository state (by using git to query any local/remote changes) and the upstream state (by using uscan)


Get the new upstream release for each package. This command not only downloads the new upstream tarball, but also updates the debian/changelog with a new entry for the new release, with distribution set to UNRELEASED.


Upload each package. This command uses the upload-command set in the config file to upload each built package (packages that have not been built are ignored).


Maximiliano Curia <ma[email protected]>, Margarita Manterola <[email protected]>