Control(3) select and execute an action

Other Alias



#include <InterViews/control.h>


A control is a monoscene that allows an action to be selected and executed. The component of a control determines the appearance associated with the control. A control state is a subject that coordinates a group of related controls. The control state contains a pointer to the currently selected control (if any).

Controls are useful for grabbing input and moving over potentially selectable items. Examples of controls include popup menus, pull-down menus, and menu items. It is generally not necessary to call functions directly on a control.


Construct a new control with the given interactor as the component.
Destruct a control. Because a control is a monoscene, deleting it implies deleting its component interactor.
ControlState* State()
void SetState(ControlState*)
Get or set the control state associated with a control.
virtual void Handle(Event&)
Controls are initially inactive. A DownEvent causes a control to become active. If an active control receives an EnterEvent, it will set the current selection to itself. If an active control receives a LeaveEvent, it will set the current selection to nil.
virtual void Enable(boolean)
boolean Enabled()
Depending on the argument, Enable enables (true) or disables (false) the control. Control subclasses can check whether the control is enabled with the Enabled operation and then take whatever action is appropriate.
virtual void Select()
Highlight the control and call the protected virtual functions Open and Grab (see below).
virtual void Unselect()
Call the protected virtual function Close and then unhighlight the control.
virtual void Do()
Implement a selected action. When a control sees an UpEvent, it calls Do on the current selection.
Control* ParentControl()
Control* RootControl()
The control hierarchy does not necessarily correspond to the interactor hierarchy. These operations return the control's parent control or the root of the control hierarchy, if any, as defined by control subclasses.


virtual void Down()
virtual void Up()
Down and Up are called when the control receives a DownEvent and an UpEvent, respectively. By default, Down activates the control if it is enabled, and Up deactivates the control and calls Do on the current selection.
virtual void Enter()
virtual void Leave()
Enter makes the control the current selection if it is enabled and active, while Leave nullifies the current selection if the control is enabled and active.
virtual void Open()
virtual void Close()
The base class Open and Close do nothing, but subclasses may insert and remove an interactor, such as a pull-down menu.
virtual void Grab()
Grab reads input and only passes through an event if its target is an active control.
virtual void Skip()
Skip reads and discards input events until it reads an event targeted for a control that is currently grabbing input, as indicated by IsGrabbing (see below).
virtual void Busy()
virtual void Done()
The Up operation calls Busy just before it calls Do on the target, and it calls Done immediately afterwards. These operations do nothing by default; subclasses may reimplement them to start and stop some indication that the control is doing its job.
virtual boolean IsGrabbing(Interactor*)
IsGrabbing returns true if the given interactor is grabbing control.
void Reparent(Control* target, Control* parent)
Set target's parent to parent. Controls that compose child controls should call this operation on their children.