lnewusers(8) Create new user accounts


lnewusers [OPTION]...


Creates new user accounts using data read from standard input.

The input data consits of lines, each line has 7 colon-separated fields:

User Name

Plaintext Password

User ID
lnewusers refuses to create users with user ID 0 (the root user ID).

If this field is a valid group ID, it is interpreted as a group ID, otherwise as a group name. If the field is empty, a group name equal to user name is used.

If the specified group does not exist, it is automatically created. If the group is specified with a group ID, the created group has group name equal to the user name.

The GECOS field is traditionally used to store user's real name and other information.

Home Directory
If this field is empty, a default specified by libuser configuration, or /home/username if libuser configuration does not specify a default, is used.

Login Shell
If this field is empty, a default specified by libuser configuration is used.

Errors in user specifications are reported and processing continues on the next line.


-f, --file=file
Read account data from file instead of standard input.

-i, --interactive
Ask all questions when connecting to the user database, even if default answers are set up in libuser configuration.

-M, --nocreatehome
Don't create home directories.

-n, --nocreatemail
Don't create mail spool files.


The exit status is 0 on success, nonzero on fatal error. Errors in user specifications are not reflected in the exit status.