Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::TextCat(3) TextCat language guesser


loadplugin Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::TextCat


This plugin will try to guess the language used in the message body text.

You can use the ``ok_languages'' directive to set which languages are considered okay for incoming mail and if the guessed language is not okay, "UNWANTED_LANGUAGE_BODY" is triggered.

It will always add the results to a ``X-Language'' name-value pair in the message metadata data structure. This may be useful as Bayes tokens and can also be used in rules for scoring. The results can also be added to marked-up messages using ``add_header'', with the _LANGUAGES_ tag. See Mail::SpamAssassin::Conf for details.

Note: the language cannot always be recognized with sufficient confidence. In that case, no action is taken.


ok_languages xx [ yy zz ... ]         (default: all)

This option is used to specify which languages are considered okay for incoming mail. SpamAssassin will try to detect the language used in the message body text.

Note that the language cannot always be recognized with sufficient confidence. In that case, no action is taken.

The rule "UNWANTED_LANGUAGE_BODY" is triggered if none of the languages detected are in the ``ok'' list. Note that this is the only effect of the ``ok'' list. It does not act as a whitelist against any other form of spam scanning.

In your configuration, you must use the two or three letter language specifier in lowercase, not the English name for the language. You may also specify "all" if a desired language is not listed, or if you want to allow any language. The default setting is "all".


  ok_languages all         (allow all languages)
  ok_languages en          (only allow English)
  ok_languages en ja zh    (allow English, Japanese, and Chinese)

Note: if there are multiple ok_languages lines, only the last one is used.

Select the languages to allow from the list below:

af    - Afrikaans

am   - Amharic

ar    - Arabic

be    - Byelorussian

bg    - Bulgarian

bs    - Bosnian

ca    - Catalan

cs    - Czech

cy    - Welsh

da    - Danish

de    - German

el    - Greek

en    - English

eo    - Esperanto

es    - Spanish

et    - Estonian

eu    - Basque

fa    - Persian

fi    - Finnish

fr    - French

fy    - Frisian

ga    - Irish Gaelic

gd    - Scottish Gaelic

he    - Hebrew

hi    - Hindi

hr    - Croatian

hu    - Hungarian

hy    - Armenian

id    - Indonesian

is    - Icelandic

it    - Italian

ja    - Japanese

ka    - Georgian

ko    - Korean

la    - Latin

lt    - Lithuanian

lv    - Latvian

mr    - Marathi

ms    - Malay

ne    - Nepali

nl    - Dutch

no    - Norwegian

pl    - Polish

pt    - Portuguese

qu    - Quechua

rm    - Rhaeto-Romance

ro    - Romanian

ru    - Russian

sa    - Sanskrit

sco   - Scots

sk    - Slovak

sl    - Slovenian

sq    - Albanian

sr    - Serbian

sv    - Swedish

sw    - Swahili

ta    - Tamil

th    - Thai

tl    - Tagalog

tr    - Turkish

uk    - Ukrainian

vi    - Vietnamese

yi    - Yiddish

zh    - Chinese (both Traditional and Simplified)

zh.big5       - Chinese (Traditional only)

zh.gb2312     - Chinese (Simplified only)

inactive_languages xx [ yy zz ... ]           (default: see below)

This option is used to specify which languages will not be considered when trying to guess the language. For performance reasons, supported languages that have fewer than about 5 million speakers are disabled by default. Note that listing a language in "ok_languages" automatically enables it for that user.

The default setting is:

bs cy eo et eu fy ga gd is la lt lv rm sa sco sl yi

That list is Bosnian, Welsh, Esperanto, Estonian, Basque, Frisian, Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic, Icelandic, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Rhaeto-Romance, Sanskrit, Scots, Slovenian, and Yiddish.

textcat_max_languages N (default: 3)
The maximum number of languages any one message can simultaneously match before its classification is considered unknown.
textcat_optimal_ngrams N (default: 0)
If the number of ngrams is lower than this number then they will be removed. This can be used to speed up the program for longer inputs. For shorter inputs, this should be set to 0.
textcat_max_ngrams N (default: 400)
The maximum number of ngrams that should be compared with each of the languages models (note that each of those models is used completely).
textcat_acceptable_score N (default: 1.02)
Include any language that scores at least "textcat_acceptable_score" in the returned list of languages.