patool [global-options] (list|test|extract|create|diff|search|repack|recompressfP|formats) [command-options] <command-arguments>...
DESCRIPTIONVarious archive formats can be created, extracted, tested, listed, searched, repacked, recompressed and compared by patool. The advantage of patool is its simplicity in handling archive files without having to remember a myriad of programs and options.
The archive format is determined by the file(1) program and as a fallback by the archive file extension.
patool supports 7z (.7z, .cb7), ACE (.ace, .cba), ADF (.adf),
ALZIP (.alz), APE (.ape), AR (.a), ARC (.arc), ARJ (.arj),
BZIP2 (.bz2), CAB (.cab), COMPRESS (.Z), CPIO (.cpio), DEB (.deb), DMS (.dms),
FLAC (.flac), GZIP (.gz), ISO (.iso), LRZIP (.lrz), LZH (.lha, .lzh),
LZIP (.lz), LZMA (.lzma), LZOP (.lzo), RPM (.rpm), RAR (.rar, .cbr),
RZIP (.rz), SHN (.shn), TAR (.tar, .cbt), XZ (.xz), ZIP (.zip, .jar, .cbz),
ZOO (.zoo) and ZPAQ (.zpaq) archive formats.
It relies on helper applications to handle those archive formats (for example bzip2 for BZIP2 archives).
The archive formats TAR, ZIP, BZIP2 and GZIP are supported natively and do not require helper applications to be installed.
patool extract archive.zip otherarchive.rar
patool --verbose test dist.tar.gz
patool list package.deb
patool --verbose create myfiles.zip file1.txt dir/
patool diff release1.0.tar.xz release2.0.zip
patool search "def urlopen" python-3.3.tar.gz
patool repack linux-2.6.33.tar.gz linux-2.6.33.tar.bz2
patool recompress images.zip
- -v, --verbose
- Display more info about what patool does, and display the output of helper applications. Can be given multiple times to increase the output even more.
Try to prevent any interactive user input (ie. prompting for passwords
or for overwriting duplicate files). Use this option with care since
overwriting files or ignoring password prompts could lead to unintended
This only works for programs that allow preventing user prompts. Currently those are arj, 7z and rar.
COMMANDSThe following rules apply to all commands:
- Existing files are never overwritten.
- The original archive will never be removed.
- Files outside the output directory will never be created. This relies on archive program options to prevent unpacking of files with an absolute path name (eg. --no-absolute-filenames for cpio(1)).
The following commands are available.
extractpatool extract [--outdir directory] <archive>...
Extract files from given archives. The original archives will never be removed and are left as is.
- --outdir directory
- Extract to the given output directory. Default is to extract to the current working directory.
If the archive contains exactly one
file or directory, the archive contents are extracted directly to the
Else the files are extracted in a newly created subdirectory of the output
directory. The new directory is named after the archive filename without
This prevents cluttering the output directory with a lot of files from the extracted archive.
All extracted files are ensured that they are readable by the current user.
listpatool list <archive>...
List files in archives.
createpatool create <archive> <file-or-directory>...
Create an archive from given files. All of the given files to add to the archive must be readable by the current user. The format of the archive to create is determined by the archive file extension. If the archive program has options to maximize file compression, patool uses those options.
testpatool test <archive>...
Test the given archives. If the helper application does not support testing, the archive contents are listed instead.
diffpatool diff <archive1> <archive2>
Show differences between two archives with the diff(1) program. The diff options used are -urN.
searchpatool search <pattern> <archive>
Search in archive contents for given pattern using the grep(1) program. The grep options used are -r; additional options can be supplied with the GREP_OPTIONS environment variable.
repackpatool repack <archive> <archive_new>
Repackage archive to a different format. The target archive format is determined by the file extension of archive_new.
recompresspatool recompress <archive>
Recompress archive to a smaller file size. If the resulting file is not smaller, the archive is left unchanged.
Show all supported archive formats (ie. which helper applications are available).
HELP OPTIONSpecifying the help option displays help for patool itself, or a command.
patool --help - display help for patool
patool extract --help - display help for the extract command
SHELL ALIASESWhen running under a Unix shell the following aliases can be defined to save some typing:
alias pl='patool list'
alias px='patool extract'
alias pc='patool create'
alias pd='patool diff'
AUTHORBastian Kleineidam <[email protected]>
COPYRIGHTCopyright © 2010-2016 Bastian Kleineidam