## SYNOPSIS

use PDL::Opt::Simplex;

($optimum,$ssize,$optval) = simplex($init,$initsize,$minsize,

$maxiter,

sub {evaluate_func_at($_[0])},

sub {display_simplex($_[0])}

);

## DESCRIPTION

This package implements the commonly used simplex optimization algorithm. The basic idea of the algorithm is to move a ``simplex'' of N+1 points in the N-dimensional search space according to certain rules. The main benefit of the algorithm is that you do not need to calculate the derivatives of your function.
`$init` is a 1D vector holding the initial values of the N fitted
parameters, `$optimum` is a vector holding the final solution.
`$optval` is the evaluation of the final solution.

`$initsize` is the size of `$init` (more...)

`$minsize` is some sort of convergence criterion (more...)
- e.g. `$minsize` = 1e-6

The sub is assumed to understand more than 1 dimensions and threading.
Its signature is 'inp(nparams); [ret]*out()*'. An example would be

sub evaluate_func_at { my($xv) = @_; my $x1 = $xv->slice("(0)"); my $x2 = $xv->slice("(1)"); return $x1**4 + ($x2-5)**4 + $x1*$x2; }

Here `$xv` is a vector holding the current values of the parameters
being fitted which are then sliced out explicitly as `$x1` and `$x2`.

`$ssize` gives a very very approximate estimate of how close we might
be - it might be miles wrong. It is the euclidean distance between
the best and the worst vertices. If it is not very small, the algorithm
has not converged.

## FUNCTIONS

## simplex

Simplex optimization routine

($optimum,$ssize,$optval) = simplex($init,$initsize,$minsize, $maxiter, sub {evaluate_func_at($_[0])}, sub {display_simplex($_[0])} );

See module `"PDL::Opt::Simplex"` for more information.

## CAVEATS

Do not use the simplex method if your function has local minima. It will not work. Use genetic algorithms or simulated annealing or conjugate gradient or momentum gradient descent.They will not really work either but they are not guaranteed not to work ;) (if you have infinite time, simulated annealing is guaranteed to work but only after it has visited every point in your space).

## AUTHOR

Copyright(C) 1997 Tuomas J. Lukka. All rights reserved. There is no warranty. You are allowed to redistribute this software / documentation under certain conditions. For details, see the file COPYING in the PDL distribution. If this file is separated from the PDL distribution, the copyright notice should be included in the file.