rspec(1) standalone test runner for Ruby RSpec test suites


rspec [options] [files or directories]


The Ruby script rspec allows you to run tests written with RSpec, a testing tool for Ruby, from the command line. When run without arguments, rspec finds automatically all the spec files of your projects, and runs them. It is possible to restrict the tests to a subset by specifying the names of particular spec files or by using some of the filtering options.

Various options can be passed to rspec to modify the output of the tests, or the way the tests are run.


Specify PATH to add to $LOAD_PATH (may be used more than once).
-r, --require PATH
Require a file.
-O, --options PATH
Specify the path to a custom options file.
--order TYPE[:SEED]
Run examples by the specified order type. TYPE can be either default, for which files are ordered based on the underlying file system's order, or rand, for which the order of files, groups and examples is randomized. random is an alias for rand. A SEED can be indicated for the random type, e.g. --order random:123
--seed SEED
Equivalent of --order rand:SEED.
-d, --debugger
Enable debugging.
Abort the run on first failure.
--failure-exit-code CODE
Override the exit code used when there are failing specs.
-X, --[no-]drb
Run examples via DRb.
--drb-port PORT
Port to connect to the DRb server.
Initialize your project with RSpec.
Deprecated. Use --init instead.


-f, --format FORMATTER
Choose a formatter. The various choices are [p]rogress (default - dots), [d]ocumentation (group and example names), [h]tml, [t]extmate or a custom formatter class name.
-o, --out FILE
Write output to a file instead of STDOUT. This option applies to the previously specified --format, or the default format if no format is specified.
-b, --backtrace
Enable full backtrace.
-c, --[no-]color, --[no-]colour
Enable color in the output.
-p, --profile
Enable profiling of examples and list 10 slowest examples.


In addition to the following options for selecting specific files, groups, or examples, you can select a single example by appending the line number to the filename:

      rspec path/to/a_spec.rb:37
-P, --pattern PATTERN
Load files matching pattern (default: ``spec/**/*_spec.rb'').
-e, --example STRING
Run examples whose full nested names include STRING.
-l, --line_number LINE
Specify line number of an example or group (may be used more than once).
-t, --tag TAG[:VALUE]
Run examples with the specified tag, or exclude examples by adding ~ before the tag, e.g. ~slow. TAG is always converted to a symbol.
--default_path PATH
Set the default path where RSpec looks for examples (can be a path to a file or a directory).


-v, --version
Display the version.
-h, --help
Display a message similar to this manpage.


This man page inspired by the help message of rspec, has been written by C├ędric Boutillier for the Debian Project, but may be used by others.