sg_get_network_io_stats_r(3) get network statistics

Other Alias

sg_get_network_io_stats, sg_get_network_io_stats_diff, sg_get_network_io_stats_diff_between, sg_free_network_io_stats, sg_network_io_compare_name


#include <statgrab.h>

sg_network_io_stats *sg_get_network_io_stats (size_t *entries);

sg_network_io_stats *sg_get_network_io_stats_r (size_t *entries);

sg_network_io_stats *sg_get_network_io_stats_diff (size_t *entries);

sg_network_io_stats *sg_get_network_io_stats_diff_between (const sg_network_io_stats *cur, const sg_network_io_stats *last, size_t *entries);

sg_error sg_free_network_io_stats (sg_network_iface_stats *data);

int sg_network_io_compare_name (const void *va, const void *vb);


The sg_get_network_io_stats functions provide network interface I/O statistics on a per interface basis. All get- and diff-functions take an optional entries parameter, which points (when given) to a size_t to take the number of returned vector entries.

The sg_get_network_io_stats() and sg_get_network_io_stats_r() functions deliver the I/O-statistics since the interface has been attached to the system. The sg_get_network_io_stats_diff() and sg_get_network_io_stats_diff_between() deliver the difference between two calls of sg_get_network_io_stats() or sg_get_network_io_stats_r(), respectively.

API Shortcut

function returns data owner
sg_get_network_io_stats sg_network_io_stats * libstatgrab (thread local)
sg_get_network_io_stats_r sg_network_io_stats * caller
sg_get_network_io_stats_diff sg_network_io_stats * libstatgrab (thread local)
sg_get_network_io_stats_diff_between sg_network_io_stats * caller

sg_network_io_stats vectors received from sg_get_network_io_stats_r() or sg_get_network_io_stats_diff_between() must be freed using sg_free_network_io_stats() when not needed any more. The caller is responsible for doing it.

Additionally a support function for qsort(3) are available: sg_network_io_compare_name().


size_t entries;
sg_network_io_stats *network_stats = NULL;
while( NULL != ( network_stats = sg_get_network_io_stats_diff(&entries) ) ) {
    /* sort interface by name */
    qsort( network_stats, entries, sizeof(network_stats[0]), &sg_network_io_compare_name );
    show_network_io_stats( network_stats );

sg_get_network_io_stats returns the network traffic stored in the kernel which holds the amount of data transferred since device was attached. On some platforms, such as Solaris 7, this value is stored in a 32bit int, so wraps around when it reaches 4GB. Other platforms, such as Solaris 8, hold the value in a 64bit int, which wraps somewhere near 17 million terabytes. The sg_get_network_io_stats_diff() function and the sg_get_network_io_stats_diff_between() function care about these overflows and try to detect overflows when the diff is calculated.


All network statistics return a pointer to a structure of type sg_network_io_stats.

typedef struct {
        char *interface_name;
        unsigned long long tx;
        unsigned long long rx;
        unsigned long long ipackets;
        unsigned long long opackets;
        unsigned long long ierrors;
        unsigned long long oerrors;
        unsigned long long collisions;
        time_t systime;
} sg_network_io_stats;
The name known to the operating system. (eg. on linux it might be eth0, on AIX en0 and on FreeBSD fxp0)
The number of bytes transmitted.
The number of bytes received.
The number of packets received.
The number of packets transmitted.
The number of receive errors.
The number of transmit errors.
The number of collisions.
The timestamp when the above stats where collected in seconds since epoch or the time period over which tx and rx were transferred.


sg_get_network_io_stats_diff and sg_get_network_io_stats_diff_between compare two lists of network interface related I/O statistics. Each entry occurring only in the second list is passed through to the resulting list as if it would have been compared to an entry with all statistic values set to 0. This implies, on the very first call sg_get_network_io_stats_diff will return the same as sg_get_network_io_stats.

On operating systems that hold only 32bits of data there is a problem if the values wrap twice. For example, on Solaris 7 if 9GB is transferred and the operating system wraps at 4GB, the sg_get_network_io_stats_diff function will return 5GB.