doveadm-fetch(1) Fetch partial/full messages or message information


doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] fetch [-S socket_path] fields search_query
doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] fetch [-S socket_path] -A fields search_query
doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] fetch [-S socket_path] -F file fields search_query
doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] fetch [-S socket_path] -u user fields search_query


doveadm fetch can be used to fetch messages' contents and metadata. This can be useful for scripts and for debugging. If you want to fetch messages one at a time, see doveadm-search(1).
Please respect your users' privacy.


Global doveadm(1) options:
Enables verbosity and debug messages.
-f formatter
Specifies the formatter for formatting the output. Supported formatters are:
prints each line with key=value pairs.
prints each keyvalue pair on its own line and separates records with form feed character (^L).
prints a table header followed by tab separated value lines.
prints a table header followed by adjusted value lines.
-o setting=value
Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb with the given value. In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.
Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

This command uses by default the output formatter pager.

Command specific options:

If the -A option is present, the command will be performed for all users. Using this option in combination with system users from userdb { driver = passwd } is not recommended, because it contains also users with a lower UID than the one configured with the first_valid_uid setting.

When the SQL userdb module is used make sure that the iterate_query setting in /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext matches your database layout. When using the LDAP userdb module, make sure that the iterate_attrs and iterate_filter settings in /etc/dovecot/dovecot-ldap.conf.ext match your LDAP schema. Otherwise doveadm(1) will be unable to iterate over all users.

-F file
Execute the command for all the users in the file. This is similar to the -A option, but instead of getting the list of users from the userdb, they are read from the given file. The file contains one username per line.
-S socket_path
The option's argument is either an absolute path to a local UNIX domain socket, or a hostname and port (hostname:port), in order to connect a remote host via a TCP socket.

This allows an administrator to execute doveadm(1) mail commands through the given socket.

-u user/mask
Run the command only for the given user. It's also possible to use '*' and '?' wildcards (e.g. -u *
When neither the -A option, nor the -F file option, nor the -u user was specified, the command will be executed with the environment of the currently logged in user.


One or more result field names to display, if the search_query matches any messages. In order to specify multiple fields, enclose them in single or double quotes.
Supported fields are:
The body of a message.
Date and time of final delivery, when the message was delivered to a user's mailbox for the first time.
The internal date and time of the source message, when the message was copied by the IMAP COPY command.
The date-time attribute when present, otherwise the current time, when the message was saved by the IMAP APPEND command.
Date and time when the message was saved to mailbox.
Date and time of the message's Date: header.
A message's IMAP flags, e.g. \Seen
A message's globally unique identifier.
The header of the message.
IMAP BODY output of the message (see RFC 3501).
IMAP BODYSTRUCTURE output of the message (see RFC 3501).
IMAP ENVELOPE output of the message (see RFC 3501).
Name of the mailbox, in which the message is stored. The name is in UTF-8.
The globally unique identifier of the mailbox, in which the message is located.
A message's unique (POP3) identifier within a mailbox.
A message's sequence number in a mailbox.
A message's physical size.
A message's virtual size, computed with CRLF line terminators.
The entire message (header and body).
The entire message (header and body) --- UTF-8 encoded.
A message's unique (IMAP) identifier in a mailbox.
A message owner's login name.
Fetch messages matching this search query. See doveadm-search-query(7) for details.


This example based on the first example from doveadm-search(1). We are fetching the fields mailbox and date.sent from user bob's mailbox with the guid "3a94c928d66ebe4bda04000015811c6a" for the messages with the UIDs 825 and 45.

doveadm fetch -u bob "mailbox date.sent" \
mailbox-guid 3a94c928d66ebe4bda04000015811c6a uid 8,25,45
mailbox: dovecot/pigeonhole/2.0
date.sent: 2010-01-19 01:17:41 (+0100)
mailbox: dovecot/pigeonhole/2.0
date.sent: 2010-01-28 09:38:49 (+0100)
mailbox: dovecot/pigeonhole/2.0
date.sent: 2010-03-28 18:41:14 (+0200)


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