gbp-buildpackage(1) Build Debian packages from a Git repository


gbp~buildpackage [ --git-[no-]ignore-new ] [ --git-tag ] [ --git-verbose ] [ --git-color=[auto|on|off] ] [ --git-color-scheme=COLOR_SCHEME ] [ --git-notify=[auto|on|off] ] [ --git-upstream-branch=TREEISH ] [ --git-debian-branch=BRANCH_NAME ] [ --git-ignore-branch ] [ --git-[no-]submodules ] [ --git-builder=BUILD_CMD ] [ --git-cleaner=CLEAN_CMD ] [ --git-[no-]pbuilder ] [ --git-[no-]qemubuilder ] [ --git-dist=DIST ] [ --git-arch=ARCH ] [ --git-[no-]pbuilder-autoconf ] [ --git-pbuilder-options=PBUILDER_OPTIONS ] [ --git-[no-]sign-tags ] [ --git-keyid=GPG-KEYID ] [ --git-posttag=COMMAND ] [ --git-postbuild=COMMAND ] [ --git-postexport=COMMAND ] [ --git-prebuild=COMMAND ] [ --git-[no-]hooks ] [ --git-debian-tag=tag-format ] [ --git-upstream-tag=tag-format ] [ --git-debian-tag-msg=tag-msg-format ] [ --git-force-create ] [ --git-no-create-orig ] [ --git-upstream-tree=[TAG|BRANCH|TREEISH] ] [ --git-tarball-dir=DIRECTORY ] [ --git-compression=TYPE ] [ --git-compression-level=LEVEL ] [ --git-component=component ... ] [ --git-export-dir=DIRECTORY ] [ --git-export=TREEISH ] [ --git-[no-]pristine-tar ] [ --git-[no-]pristine-tar-commit ] [ --git-[no-]-purge ] [ --git-dont-purge ] [ --git-tag-only ] [ --git-retag ] [ OPTION_PASSED_TO_BUILD_CMD ... ]


gbp~buildpackage is used to build Debian source and .deb packages from a Git repository.

gbp~buildpackage will, in order:

  • Verify that it is being executed from the proper location.
  • Verify that the repository doesn't contain any uncommitted source changes.
  • Verify that it is being executed from the correct branch.
  • (Optionally) run a clean command specified with --git-cleaner.
  • (Optionally) export the source tree to a separate build area.
  • Build an orig tarball if it doesn't exist. Optionally using pristine-tar.
  • (Optionally) call a pre build hook.
  • Call debuild(1) or Cowbuilder (via --git-pbuilder) or the application specified via --git-builder passing along all arguments given to gbp~buildpackage on the command line that don't start with --git-.
  • (Optionally) tag the tree after a successful build.
  • (Optionally) call a post build hook - e.g. to run lintian.
  • (Optionally) call a post tag hook - e.g. to push the results to a remote repository after creating the tag.


All options are prefixed with git- to distinguish options for gbp~buildpackage from options passed to the BUILD_CMD:

Don't abort if there are uncommitted changes in the source tree or the current branch doesn't match the DEBIAN-BRANCH.
Add a git tag after a successful build. This is a command line only option that cannot be specified via gbp.conf.
Use BUILD_CMD instead of debuild -i -I.
Use CLEAN_CMD instead of debuild clean.
Build package using git-pbuilder. Note that this overwrites any --git-builder and --git-cleaner options.
Build package using git-pbuilder with qemubuilder. Note that this overwrites any --git-builder and --git-cleaner options.
Build for distribution DIST when using --git-pbuilder. If unset build for the unstable distribution. The special value DEP14 will set the distribution to build for from the branch name. I.e. if you're starting the build from a branch named debian/wheezy-backports the distribution is set to wheezy-backports. If the branch is named downstream/sid the distribution would be set to downstream_sid.
Build for architecture ARCH when using --git-pbuilder. If unset no architecture is passed to git-pbuilder.
Whether to try to autoconfigure git-pbuilder or to rely on the settings in .pbuilderrc. See the git-pbuilder manpage for details.
Options to pass to pbuilder
verbose execution
Whether to use colored output.
Whether to send a desktop notification after the build.
Colors to use in output (when color is enabled). The format for COLOR_SCHEME is '<debug>:<info>:<warning>:<error>'. Numerical values and color names are accepted, empty fields imply the default color. For example --git-color-scheme='cyan:34::' would show debug messages in cyan, info messages in blue and other messages in default (i.e. warning and error messages in red).
Branch to build the orig tarball from if --git-upstream-tree is set to BRANCH. Default is upstream.
If you're not on this branch when invoking gbp~buildpackage it will fail. Default is master. This is done to make sure you don't accidentally release from a topic branch. Not being on this branch will be ignored when using --git-ignore-new.
Don't check if the current branch matches DEBIAN-BRANCH.
GPG sign all created tags.
Include git submodules in the orig tarball.
Use this keyid for gpg signing tags.
Execute COMMAND after tagging a new version.

Exported environment variables are: GBP_TAG (the name of the generated tag), GBP_BRANCH (the branch the package was build from) and GBP_SHA1 (the sha1 of the commit the tag was created at).

Execute COMMAND after successful build.

Exported environment variables are: GBP_CHANGES_FILE (the name of the generated changes file), GBP_BUILD_DIR (the build dir).

Execute COMMAND after exporting the source tree - valid only if --git-export-dir has been specified.

Exported environment variables are: GBP_GIT_DIR (the repository the package is being built from), GBP_TMP_DIR (the temporary directory where the sources have been initially exported).

Execute COMMAND from the build directory before calling debuild or the application specified via --git-builder.

Exported environment variables are: GBP_GIT_DIR (the repository the package is being built from), GBP_BUILD_DIR (the build dir).

Enable running all (cleaner, postexport, prebuild, postbuild, and posttag) hooks. Note: the --git-builder command is not affected by this option.
Use this tag format when tagging Debian versions, default is debian/%(version)s.
Use this tag format when looking for tags of upstream versions, default is upstream/%(version)s.
Use this tag message format when signing Debian versions, default is %(pkg)s Debian release %(version)s
Force creation of an orig tarball (overwriting a pre-existing one if present).
Don't try to create any orig tarball.
Extract orig tarball from tarball-dir when using the export-dir option (in analogy to mergeWithUpstream in svn-bp). Also remove debian/ if contained in the upstream tarball in case of 2.0 and 3.0 source formats.
Export the current branch head (or the treeish object given via --git-export to DIRECTORY before building.
Instead of exporting the current branch head, export the treeish object TREEISH. The special name INDEX exports the current index whereas the special name WC exports the current working copy as is.
How to find the upstream sources used to generate the tarball. TAG (the default) looks at a tag corresponding to the version in the changelog. BRANCH looks at the upstream branch given via the --git-upstream-branch option. Other values are interpreted as treeishs.

This doesn't have any effect if --git-pristine-tar is being used.

Search for original tarballs in DIRECTORY instead of generating them.
Specifies the upstream tarball compression type. This will be used to locate and build the upstream tarball if necessary. The default is auto which derives the compression type from the pristine-tar branch if available and falls back to gzip otherwise. Other options are gzip, bzip2, lzma and xz.
Specifies the upstream tarball compression level if an upstream tarball needs to be built.
When generating tarballs create an additional original tarball of directory COMPONENT in the source tree. Using additional original tarballs is a feature of the 3.0 (quilt) source format. See the dpkg-source manpage for details. Note that the --git-pristine-tar-commit option is currently incompatible with this option.

This is considered an experimental feature and might change incompatibly.

Purge (remove) temporary build directory after build.
Deprecated, use --git-no-purge instead. This is a command line only option that cannot be specified via gbp.conf.
Don't build, only tag and run post-tag hooks. This is a command line only option that cannot be specified via gbp.conf.
Don't fail tag operations if a tag with the same version already exists. This is a command line only option that cannot be specified via gbp.conf.
Use pristine-tar when generating the upstream tarball if it doesn't exist.
Commit the pristine-tar delta to the pristine-tar branch if a new tarball was generated and the pristine-tar data isn't already there.


Build a Debian package using git-pbuilder which in turn invokes cowbuilder. Instruct cowbuilder to build within a Wheezy chroot for i386.

      gbp~buildpackage --git-pbuilder --git-arch=i386 --git-dist=wheezy

Note that the above needs a cowbuilder chroot already. This can be created using:

      DIST=wheezy ARCH=i386 git-pbuilder create


Several gbp.conf files are parsed to set defaults for the above command-line arguments. See the gbp.conf(5)> manpage for details.

All options in the config files must be specified without the 'git-' prefix. So e.g. --git-debian-branch=debian/sid becomes in gbp.conf:

      debian-branch = debian/sid


Guido Guenther <[email protected]>