mktime(1) convert broken-down time into time since the Epoch


#include <time.h>

time_t mktime(struct tm *timeptr);


The mktime() function shall convert the broken-down time, expressed as local time, in the structure pointed to by timeptr, into a time since the Epoch value with the same encoding as that of the values returned by time(). The original values of the tm_wday and tm_yday components of the structure are ignored, and the original values of the other components are not restricted to the ranges described in <time.h>.

A positive or 0 value for tm_isdst shall cause mktime() to presume initially that Daylight Savings Time, respectively, is or is not in effect for the specified time. A negative value for tm_isdst shall cause mktime() to attempt to determine whether Daylight Savings Time is in effect for the specified time.

Local timezone information shall be set as though mktime() called tzset().

The relationship between the tm structure (defined in the <time.h> header) and the time in seconds since the Epoch is that the result shall be as specified in the expression given in the definition of seconds since the Epoch (see the Base Definitions volume of IEEEĀ StdĀ 1003.1-2001, Section 4.14, Seconds Since the Epoch) corrected for timezone and any seasonal time adjustments, where the names in the structure and in the expression correspond.

Upon successful completion, the values of the tm_wday and tm_yday components of the structure shall be set appropriately, and the other components are set to represent the specified time since the Epoch, but with their values forced to the ranges indicated in the <time.h> entry; the final value of tm_mday shall not be set until tm_mon and tm_year are determined.


The mktime() function shall return the specified time since the Epoch encoded as a value of type time_t. If the time since the Epoch cannot be represented, the function shall return the value (time_t)-1.


No errors are defined.

The following sections are informative.


What day of the week is July 4, 2001?

#include <stdio.h>
#include <time.h>

struct tm time_str;

char daybuf[20];

int main(void)
    time_str.tm_year = 2001 - 1900;
    time_str.tm_mon = 7 - 1;
    time_str.tm_mday = 4;
    time_str.tm_hour = 0;
    time_str.tm_min = 0;
    time_str.tm_sec = 1;
    time_str.tm_isdst = -1;
    if (mktime(&time_str) == -1)
    else {
        (void)strftime(daybuf, sizeof(daybuf), "%A", &time_str);
    return 0;








Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at .